Which versions of the later Folia have been
written down, transcribed or recorded?

(in alphabetical order of composer, letter B)

Bacevicius, Vytautas (1905-1970) cover of Bacevicius sheet music - 16kB
La Folia variations (1951)
  1. Bacevicius, Vytautas
    Bret Werb wrote in an e-mail:

    The work takes the form of two original variations appended to Bacevicius' solo piano arrangement of Corelli's Op. 5 no 12.

    In the introduction to the sheet music 'T.J.G.' wrote:

    this theme, an ancient Portugese dance melody, has been made famous and was composed by him for violin and piano*. This is the piano solo arrangement of the superb work. The 17th and 18th variations has been added and are in the modern contemporary atonal mode. For the music analyst, these last two variations offer a revealing study in contrast between the old and modern school. No more exquisite variations have been composed in the entire field of music composition - classic or modern'.
    *Since the Folia variations of Corelli were published in 1700, when the forte-piano was not invented yet, the piano in the text should be read as the harpsichord.

    Click to listen to the soundfile, variation 17 of Bacevicius

    Duration: 0'47", 4 kB.
    Variation 17 in a 'modern contemporary atonal mode'

    Click to listen to the soundfile, variation 18 of Bacevicius

    Duration: 0'48", 4 kB.
    Variation 18 in a 'modern contemporary atonal mode'

    • Published 1951 by Paragon Music in the series Paragon Library of Musical Classics Volume 13.
Bach, Carl Philipp Emanuel (1714-1788)
12 Variationen auf die Folie d'Espagne in d mineur Wq118/9 H263 (1778): 12 variations
cover of Ahlgrimm's cd 26kB

The sheet music
© Public Domain
Source The Petrucci Library

This piece is originally intended for the harpsichord or clavichord, however Axel Wenstedt performed most variations on the Smits-organ in Sint Oedenrode quite convincably as did Kerstin Wolf at the Carl Philipp Emanuel organ in Hamburg. .
  1. Ahlgrimm, Isolde (harpsichord) 'Variationen für Cembalo'
    Klemens Hippel (translation in English by Bernd Zöllner) wrote for the slipcase:

    Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach's keyboard output, which is as extensive as it is important, does not yet find the attention it deserves. His "Folies", Wq 118/9, were composed in 1778, thus constituting a very late example of a "folia".

    • Title: Les Folies d'Espagne
    • Released 1972 LP, remastered 1996 by Eterna compact disc 0031682BC
    • Duration: 8'03"
    • Recording date: not mentioned in the documentation

  2. Ahlgrimm, Isolde (harpsichord) 'Cembalo, harpsichord - greatest works' cover of cd Cembalo with another performance of Ahlgrimm 16kB
    In the slipcase is written:

    La Folia is a Baroque template which has induced countless composers to write variations. The material first apprears at the end of the fifteenth century and the first set of variations on La Folia is that for chitaronne (guitar) by Johann Hieronymus Kapsberger (1604). Jean Baptiste Lully and Arcangelo Corelli composed important La Folia variations. Vivaldi, Bach, Beethoven, Schubert, Liszt, Reger, Rakhmaninov and many other composers later followed. In1778 Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach wrote twelve variations for harpsichord set in the key of D minor, which is typical of Folia. They are a fine example of the timeless nature of the material which at that time was already three hundred years old.

    • Title: Variations sur "Les folies d'Espagne'Wq 118, Nr 9
    • Released 1972 LP, remastered August 2009 by Berlin Classics 2 cd-set 1435139
    • Duration: 8'03"
    • Recording date: not mentioned in the documentation

  3. Alberto Gómez, Andrés (harpsichord) impression of YouTube performance Andrés Alberto Gomez - 15 kB

    Andrés Alberto Gómez
    Duration: 8'45" direct link to YouTube
    © 2014 by Fundación Juan March

    • Released July 2014 by Fundación Juan March for YouTube
    • Duration: 7'45"
    • Recording date November 2013 in Fundación Juan March, Madrid, Spain

  4. Anderson, Elizabeth (harpsichord) 'Fandango' cover of Andersons cd 15kB
    Elizabeth Anderson wrote for the slipcase (1988):

    A comparison of C.P.E. Bach's Folie d'Espagne variations demonstrates what a difference the empfindsamer-Stil made to Bach's approach. The Folie d'Espagne variations are highly dramatic. Where Rameau's variations charm with their subtle differences, Bach's are radically different in tempo, texture and mood, from the calculated under-statement of the theme in simple arpeggiated chords, to the twelfth variation, marked sehr geschwind, which brings the work flying to a rather sudden close.

    • Title: 12 Variations auf die Folie d'Espagne
    • Released 1989 by Move compact disc MD 3078
    • Duration: 7'51"
    • Recording date: not mentioned in the documentation, location in the dining room at Ormond College, University of Melbourne, Australia

  5. Bärtschi, Werner (piano) 'La Folia'
    • Title: 12 Variationen auf die Folie d'Espagne (1778)
    • Released 1983 Pan Records LP PAN 130 052
    • Duration: 8'18"
    • Recording date: February 2nd, 1982 Thun, Switserland
    • See also the page Recommended Folia-recordings

  6. Bonn, James (Dulcken fortepiano) 'Klavier Variations on La Follia' cover of LP James Bonn 15kB

    Folie d'Espagne performed by James Bonn
    Duration: 8'48" direct link to YouTube
    © 1982 by James Bonn

    Maurice Hinson wrote for the Viny recording:

    The music of Johann Sebastian Bach's second and most talented son, Carl Philipp Emanuel, is an encyclopedia of fundamental tonal procedures. There is art intrinsic quality in Bach's keyboard music which stands apart from the music of later composers, despite the tendency of commentators to consider it mainly as art ovenure to the schools of Viennese classicism. A study of his work reveals a unique musical consciousness, and a pioneering mind of considerable subtlety.
    The set by C.P.E. Bach is entitled 12 Variations auf die Folie d'Espagne W. 118 and is one of his most original works. Unusual modulations and changes of key, unorthodox motives, rhythmic changes, brilliant and expressive keyboard treatment make for heightened interest through-out. The bare set of chords used by Bach could be placed by a more interesting version of the theme and Mr. Bonn treats it in effective triplets. Variation one carefully shares material between the hands while variation two has a brooding atmosphere of repressed power. Special mention should be made of variation three which achieves a magnificent and modern?sounding effect in virtue of "wrong notes" subtly inserted into the arpeggiation. Variation four is mainly imitative while variation five is especially striking as the bass figure is pursued remorselessly to the final cadence. Variation six exploits a "sigh" motif while variation seven partakes of keyboard acrobtics a la Scarlatti. Variation eight is written in a slow French overture style with contrasting dynamics and serves as art introduction to variation nine that is permeated with fleet figurations. Variation ten is imitative between the hands. Variation eleven is a study in syncopation to the final three bars where smooth rhythms take over. The final variation is a perpetual?motion idea with specific fingering indicated by the composer.

    • Title: 12 Variations auf die Folie d'Espagne (1778)
    • Released 1982 Klavier Records LP KS-571
    • Duration: 8'48"
    • Recording date: not indicated in the documentation
    • See also the page Recommended Folia-recordings

  7. Brauchli, Bernard (clavichord) cover CD Bernard Brauchli size 16 kB
    • Title: 12 Variations on the "Folies d'Espagne," H. 263 (Wq. 118/9)
    • Released by Titanic compact disc Ti 186
    • Duration: 19'19"
    • Recording date: January 1990

  8. Brembeck, Christian (clavichord) 'La Danza de los Poetas, harpsichord dances' cover CD Christian Brembeck size 16 kB This recording which features three different harpsichords and a clavichord in dances stretching from Renaissance, Baroque, Classicism to Romanticism contains three great Folias. It is almost inevitable to pick up some Folias with such a theme.

    As Brembeck himself introduced La Folia in the slipcase (translation by Micheline Wiechert)

    Incidentally, at this point in our anthology [Sanz] we make our first encounter with the 'Folia', which runs through our programme like a silver thread. The Folia (also Follia) is an eight-bar (in later forms also sixteen-bar) bass, which was first used in Spain in 1494 by Juan del Encina. The 'Follia di Spagna' subsequently developed into one of the most popular bases for variations (the most famous example is probably the sonata 'La Follia' by Arcangelo Corelli).
    The oeuvre by Sanz is normally played on the rizzio guitar, but Brembeck knows how to play these jewels on a delicate clavichord. The sustain of the basses sounds exceptionally well and the Folia by Sanz gets a new dimension this way.
    High quality performances of the Folia-variations by Alessandro Scarlatti and Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach. The only small omission is that the documentation does not mention which instrument is used for which track. I guess the performer assumes that we are all familiar with early keyboard instruments and that the C.P.E. Bach Folia can only performed on a copy by Hemsch like Picci's Ballet is made for the copy by Ferrini.
    It is of no importance considering the mid-price of this disc and the deal that the famous Fandango by Soler and fantastic transcriptions of Milan and Manuel de Falla are included to make it a bargain I enjoy very much.

    • Title: 12 Variations on the Folie d'Espagne, Wq 118, 9
    • Released 2002 by Arte Nova in Co-Production with Bayerischer Rundfunk compact disc 74321 85298 2
    • Duration: 8'00"
    • Recording date: May 21-23, 2001, Studio 2 Bayerischer Rundfunk, Munich, Germany
    • Clavichord after Johann Christoph Fleischer (Hamburg 1729)
    • See also the page Recommended Folia-recordings
  9. Brosse, Jean-Patrice (harpsichord) 'Le clavecin au siecle des lumieres'
    cover of Brosse's cd - 11kB Adélaïde de Place wrote for the slipcase:

    Along with many of his contemporaries, he (C.P.E. Bach) was inspired by the "folia", a quietly dignified Portugese dance akin to the passacaglia and known at the time as "Les Folies d'Espagne", whose popularity was such that many of the great composers, up to and including Liszt, made use of it. Taking the exceedingly simple "folia" theme as his starting point, Bach employs a variety of technical and rhythmical means to concoct a succession of extremely subtle ornamental pieces. Whether it be swamped by expressive virtuoso passages, hidden whitin compact counterpuntal textures or placed as a freely mobile bass, this theme remains present throughout.

    • Title: Les Folies d'Espagne
    • Released 1989 by Pierre-Verany compact disc PV 789054
    • Duration: 8'33"
    • Recording date:February 1988 in Château de Belbeze-en-Commingen
    • Harpsichord: Kroll 1774 (école lyonnaise) collection Pierre Lacroix

  10. Chen, Joyce (harpsichord) Joyce Chen at YouTube 15kB

    Joyce Chen plays Folie d'Espagne
    Duration: 6'55" direct link to YouTube
    © 2014 by Joyce Chen

    • Title: 12 Variations über die Folie d'Espagne
    • Released April 2014 at YouTube by Joyce Chen
    • Duration: 6'55"
    • Recording date: April 1st, 2014 at Staller Center Recital Hall, Stony Brook University, NY, USA

  11. Cuiller, Joselyne (clavichord) 'O Süsser'
    cover of cd Cuiller cd 15kB Jocelyne Cuiller wrote for the slipcase (translation by Jeremy Drake):

    Next we have the Variations on the 'Folies d'Espagne' Wq 118-9, H 263, published in Vienna in 1803 though composed in 1778 after the death of his son Johann Sebastian II, in Rome.

    • Title: 12 Variationen auf die "Folies d'Espagne" Wq 118-9, H 263
    • Released by Fuga Libera compact disc Fug508
    • Duration: 8'54"
    • Recording date: October 2004 in Chateau de la Garenne Lemot, Gétigné
    • clavichord built by E´mile Jobin after Christian Gottfried Friederici 1773)

  12. De Luca, Fernando (arcadian name; Ducande, Valerno) (harpsichord)
    portrait of Fernando de Luca 15kB

    Fernando De Luca plays 12 Variations auf die Folie d'Espagne
    Duration: 7'38" direct link to YouTube
    © 2013 by Fernando De Luca

    • Title: 12 Variations auf die Folie d'Espagne
    • Released Mayr 2013 at YouTube by falernoducande
    • Duration: 7'38"
    • Recording date: May 2013 in Rome, Italy

  13. Döling, Waldemar (harpsichord) 'Virtuoso Harpsichord Music: Sons of J.S. Bach' cover of cd Döling 15kB
    • Title: Variationen Wq 118 Nr. 1-10 / Slg. v. Klavierstücken mit Veränderungen: Nr. 9 (Folies d'Espagne d-moll)
    • Released 2009 by Dabringhaus und Grimm compact disc MDG 605 0100-2, re-release of original vinyl
    • Duration: 7'51"
    • Recording date: 1983 in Schloss Nordkirchen, Oranienburg, Germany

  14. Dyson, Ruth (clavichord) 'The Arnold Dolmetsch Years, Programme Six'
    cover of cd The Arnold Dolmetsch Years 15kB From a series of concerts held in St. John's Smith Square to celebrate the life and work of Arnold Dolmetsch - pioneer of the Early Music renaissance - on the 50th anniversity of his death.
    From the slipcase:

    La Folia (Les Folies), the name of a musical structure for songs, dances and variations that emerged early in the 16th century in Portugal, had developed by the 18th century into a fixed theme much used for variations. The most famous set is Corelli's (1700): C.P.E. Bach's dates from 1778.

    • Title: Variations on 'Les Folies'
    • Released 1992 by Allegro Innovative Music Productions Ltd compact disc PCD 1018
    • Duration: 9'08"
    • Recording date: May 1990, live in St John's Smith Square, Londen, England

  15. Galvez, Genoveva (harpsichord) 'Espana en la Musica Europa de los Siglos XV al XVIII'
    detail of YouTube performance 15 Kb

    Duration:9'37" direct link to YouTube
    12 Variaciones sobre Las Folias de Espanaa as played by Genoveva Glvez
    © 1977 Genoveva Galvez

    In the documetation was written by Genoveva Galvez:

    La «Folía» es una danza portuguesa, cuyo origen se remonta a tiempos muy antiguos. Ya Pedro 1, al Justiciero, de Castilla, en el 1350, gustaba de bailarla, A partir de 1500 se leen alusiones frecuentes a esta danza en tratadistas de música como Salinas, en literatos (Gil Vicente, Cervantes .. . ), encontrándose, por otro lado, gra'n cantidad de ejemplós musicales de ella en vihuelistas y cancioneros. A principios del siglo XVII, se pone de moda en toda Europa, con el nombre de «Folía de España» ; casi todos los compositores escribieron sobre este tema, baste decir que, en tiempos más modernos, hasta Liszt y Rachmaninoff han utilizado el tema de la «Folía» en sus composiciones.

    Las «Folías de España», de C. Ph. E. Bach (1714- 1788) es una de las más cumpliélas obras escritas con este tema. Sus diferentes variaciones presentan fuertes contrastes. En 1759, C. Ph. E. escribió en su «Vers"llch» o «Tratado sobre el verdadero modo de tañer el clave» : ... - La música ya no busca solo un placer de los oídos, 'sino un desahogo de los más diversos sentimientos del corazón». Dentro de esta nueva corriente estética, de carácter subjetivo y personalista (que en literatura recibe el nombre de «Sturm und Drang») se sitúa su música para tecla; es, por así decir, un anticipo del Romanticismo.

    • Title: 12 Variaciones sobre Las Folias de Espane
    • Recorded 1977 by Hispavox HHS 10-474 (LS)
    • Duration: 9'37"
    • Recording date: 1977 but not mentioned in the documentation
    • See also recommended recordings

  16. Gentili Verona, Gabriella (harpsichord) 'The Renaissance of the Harpsichord in Italy' cover of cd Gentili Verona 15kB
    • Title: 12 Variations on La folia d'Espagne Wq 118-9
    • Released by Dynamic compact disc IDIS310
    • Duration: 8'47"
    • Recording date: unknown

  17. Genzo, Takehita (spinet)
    Joyce Chen at YouTube 15kB

    A fantastic live performance of Folies d'Espagne on a spinet
    Duration: 8'30" direct link to YouTube
    © 2011 by Takehita Genzo

    • Title:12 Variations auf die Folie d'Espagne Wq.118/9
    • Released April 2011 at YouTube by PTNA
    • Duration:8'30"
    • Recording date: unknown

  18. Goebels, Franzpeter edited the sheet music
    From the preface:

    Out of the wealth of Follia compositions traceable from the late 15th century up to the turn of the 20th, we are publishing three salient works for the keyboard. Our edition is based on a critical revision of the source material.

    • Title of volume: Variationen über die Follia für Klavier. (incl. A. Scarlatti & Pasquini)
    • Title: 12 Variations auf die Folie d'Espagne
    • Published by Schott, Mainz 1970
    • Publisher No. ED5775
    • ISMN: M-001-06326-5
  19. Guerrier, François (harpsichord)
    • Title: Variations sur les "Folies d’Espagne"
    • Broadcasted the first of July 2012 live by radiostation RTBF (Belgium) of the program 'Folies d'Espagne' by the Ricercar Consort as part of Festival Musiq3 en direct de Flagey
    • Duration: 8'24"
    • Recording date: July 1st, 2012 at Flagey, Brussels, Belgium
  20. Hakkila, Tuija (fortepiano)
    • Title: Muunnelmia teemasta La Folia; Fantasia klaveerille fis-molli
    • Broadcasted November 20, 2014 by the Finiish Broadcasting Areena Radio program Studio M
    • Duration: 8'10"
    • Recording date: November 20, 2014 in Finland
  21. Jáuregui, Judith (piano) impression of YouTube performance Judith Jáuregui - 15 kB

    Judith Jáuregui, starting at 8'45"
    Duration: 7'55" direct link to YouTube
    © 2014 by Fundación Juan March

    • Released July 2014 by Fundación Juan March for YouTube
    • Duration: 7'55"
    • Recording date November 2013 in Fundación Juan March, Madrid, Spain

  22. Junghanns, Rolf (tangentenvleugel) 'playing various historic keyboard instruments from the Fritz Neumeyer collection in Bad Krozingen Castle'
    • Released by Teldec LP (part of collection of 12x LP in 4 containers) 6.35576
    • Recording date: 1975
  23. Kalamkarian, Maria (piano) 'Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, Klavierstücke'
    In the documentation was written:
    cover LP Kalamkarian

    Likewise, his 12 Variations on the familiar theme Folies d'Espagne, which Corelli had already dealt with, permit us to sense the then so heralded virtuoso. His aim was, as he wrote, ' through the medium of instruments to express as much as is possibl, where it would otherwise be much simpler to use the voice and words.' He surprises the listener with unexpected rests or sudden changes from pianissimo to fortissimo, by recitatives, rubati, romantic motifs and rhythmic contours.

    • Title: 12 Variations auf die Folie d'Espagne
    • Released without indication of year by Columbia LP 80 826 (printed in Germany)
    • Duration: 8'03"
    • Recording date: not mentioned in the documentation

  24. Laganà, Ruggero (harpsichord) 'Follie, bizzarrie e stravaganze in musica, dal '500 all '800' cover double cd Ruggero 15kB including magazine

    Folie d'Espagne performed by Ruggero Laganà
    Duration: 8'04" direct link to YouTube
    © 2005 by Amadeus

    • Title: 12 Variations auf die Folie d'Espagne (Wotq 118/9 H. 263)
    • Released 2005 by Amadeus Darp, Milano, Italy double compact disc AMS 092-2 DP together with a magazine special devoted to the Folia Theme (issue April 2005)
    • Duration: 8'04"
    • Recording date: August 18-19 and November 15-19, 2004 in Chiesa di S. Maria Incoronata, Martinengo (Bg), Italy
    • All variations nicely indexed
    • See also the page Recommended Folia-recordings

  25. Lechner, Irmgard (clavichord) 'Tasten in der Stille, Irmgard Lechner spielt Clavichord' cover of cd Irmgard Lechner - 28kB
    • Title: Les Folies d'Espagne
    • Released by Florian Lechner und Julian Benedickt 1997 compact disc without order number
    • Duration: 9'41"
    • Recording date: July 21-23, 1997 at Musikproduktion Lothar Solle, Hanses-Ketteler-Strasse 19, D-48165 Münster, Germany 1975

  26. Malcolm, George (harpsichord) 'George Malcolm plays Arne and C.P.E. Bach'
    cover of lp Malcolm 15kB Stanley Sadie wrote for the cover

    The date of composition of the variations on the 'Folies d'Espagne (Wotquenne 118 no 9) is unknown. the piece was first published in Vienna fifteen years after Bach's death. The 'Folies d'Espagne' or 'La Follia' as it was often called wa a melody (or more precisely a melodic pattern with an associated bass pattern) on which composers from Frescobaldi and Corelli to Liszt and Rachmaninov wrote variations. Bach's set consists of twelve variations in varying tempi. Nos 3, 7, 9 and the final one are particularly brilliant.

    • Title: Variations on Folies d'Espagne
    • Released 1968 by Argo LP ZRG 577
    • Duration: 7'30"
    • Recording date: not mentioned in the documentation
    • Harpsichord built by R. Goble 1968

  27. Markovina, Ana-Marija (Bösendorfer piano) 'C.P.E. Bach: The Complete Works for Piano Solo, Vol. 12'
    cover of cd Markovina 15kB
    • Title: 12 Variationen über "Les Folies d'Espagne" Wq 118,9 H 263 (1778)
    • Released 2014 by Hänssler compact disc order number HAEN98003-12
    • Duration: 8'29"
    • Recording date: May 20-25 2013 in the Aula of the university of Köln, Germany
    • Instrument: Bösendorfer Imperial owned by the university of Köln
    • Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach: The Complete Works is an editorial and publishing project of The Packard Humanities Institute, in cooperation with the Bach-Archiv Leipzig, the Sächsische Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig, and Harvard University.

  28. Márquez Chulilla, Silvia (harpsichord) cover of cd Silvia Márquez Chulilla 150Kb
    In the slipcase is written:

    Carl Philipp had underlined the importance of the variation in the preface to his Sechs Sonaten fürs Clavier mit veränderten Reprisen (Berlin 1760): "It is indispensable nowadays to alter repeats. One expects itof every performer.
    What he might not have expected was that in these regions in the final trimester of the eighteenth century the folia was a familiar theme for the man in the street albeit something archaic. The twelve variations on "Les Folies d'Espagne" Wq 118/9 blur the inherent character of the dance to unfold a broad range of fantasy, virtuosity, contrasting characters - I would say theatrical - and expressions carried to the extreme.

    • Title: 'Les Folies d'Espagne' with 12 Variations Wq. 118/9
    • Released 2018 by Ibs Classical IBS52018
    • Duration: 6'59"
    • Recording date: July 30-31 and October 13-14 2017 in Auditorio Manuel de Falla, Granada Spain

  29. Mathot, Tini (fortepiano) 'Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, Fantasia, Tini Mathot forteoiano'
    cover of cd Tini Mathot 15kB
    • Title: 12 Variations on Folie d'Espagne (H 263, Wq 118/9)
    • Released 2014 by Challenge Classics compact disc order number. CC 72262
    • Duration: 8'22"
    • Recording date: unknown

  30. Millman Floyd, Cynthia (fortepiano) 'Fantasies and variations'
    Cynthia Millman Floyd twrotein 2007 for the slipcase:

    The 12 Variations on "la Folia" Wq.118/9, H.263, composed in 1778, was the last but one of the twelve independent variation sets written by Emanuel Bach. Published in 1803, five years after Bach's death, by Traeg in Vienna, it is not clear whether the Variations were intended for harpsichord, clavichord or forte piano in spite of the fact that the title page . of the Traeg edition indicates them as "pour le Forte-Piano." It was common practice for publishers, in the interest of financial profits, to indicate the instrument according to current taste and by 1802 the fortepiano was the preferred instrument in Vienna. Probably the Variations would have been played on whichever k~yboard instrument was at hand. While we know of Bach's preference in general for the clavichord, these brilliant variations work equally well-albeit differently-on all three instruments.
    The Variations are based on a well-known theme-a simple circular harmonic pattern or bass line of 8 bars known variously as La Folia !Italian and Portuguese) and Les Folies d'Espagne (French). The harmonic progression was used as a basis for variations by many composers for over 300 years, especially in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries and even into the nineteenth and twentieth (Liszt and .Rachmaninov). Probably the most famous set is Corelli's Violin Sonata Op. 5/12.
    La Folia, literally madness or insanity, originated as a fertility dance in Portugal and was described as wild, noisy and fast (hence the name 'Fo lia'). Adopted by Spaniards, ii was refined into a type of courting dance with characteristics of a sarabande. By 1789, Daniel Gottlob TUrk in his Klavierschule (School of Clavier Playing) describes it as "a 'very simple Spanish dance in 3/4 measure of a serious character."
    Bach's Variations, although a late work, are heavily imbued with Baroque style: they are all essential ly two-voice with' the exception of variation 8 which has the character of a French overture; Variations 4 and 10 are canons; the virtuosic variations (3, 5, 7 and 12) use typical Baroque figurations and rhythmic patterns; overall there is a strong sense of dialogue between the left and right hands; all the variations are in d minor without even a change of modality.
    These are character variations using different metres and tempi and there is a pronounced feeling of alternation between light and dark or bright and serious moods as we move from variation to variation, My interpretation of these emotions may serve as a guide: Var.1 - flirtatious; Var.2- pompous; Var.3- soothing, almost impressionistic with its "wrong-note" filigree pattern; Var.4- serious; Var.5- high spirited with its pounding left-hand rhythmic figure . covering the full range of the bottom half of the keyboard; Var.6- gentle, consoling; Var.7- a comedy; Var.8- passionate, alternating between gentleness and forcefulness; Var.9- playful; Var.10-a serious conversation; Var.11 - heavy-hearted with its syncopated melody; Var.12- exuberant, with right-hand scales covering most of the range of the keyboard.
    In the eighteenth century it was common practice to repeat the origina l theme as a conclusioQ to variations whether or not the composer had written it out. Bach barely sketches an outline of the Folia theme at the beginning of the score and he does not re -write it at the end. I have chosen to repeat the theme and to embellish it both at the beginning and at the end, drawing in references to Corelli's melody from his violin sonata. The final state ment is for me a distillation of the essence of La Folia. cover of cd Millman Floyd 15kB

    • Title: 12 Variations On The Folie d'Espagne Wq.118/9, H.263 (1778)
    • Released 2007 by Cynthia Millman Floyd compact disc without order number
    • Duration: 8'27"
    • Recording date: December 20-22, 2004 in Freiman Hall, University of Ottawa, Canada
    • Fortepiano prepared and tuned to A=430-Young Temperament (1799)
    • Recording funded in part by the Faculty of Arts of the University of Ottawa

  31. Newmark, John (piano) 'Haydn: Adagio in F major, CPE Bach: 12 Variations on the Folies d'Espagne, Clementi: Arietta con Varizioni, Sonata in D major'
    cover of lp Newmark 15kB
    • Title: Variations on the Folies d'Espagne
    • Released 1953 by Hallmark in the Hallmark recital series 10" LP RS 4 (mono) Canadian pressing
    • Duration: 9'22"
    • Recording date: not mentioned in the documentation
    • Clementi piano

  32. Newmark, John (piano) 'John Newmark Plays The Clementi Piano'
    cover of cd Newmark 15kB Hugh Davidson wrote for the slipcase:

    The twelve Folia variations show a different side of Philip's art, the virtuoso pure and simple. They may have been written for the harpsichord, but were more likely intended to demonstrate all the facets of the new forte-piano

    • Title: Variations for Harpsichord in D minor, Wq 118 no 9/H 263 'Folie d'Espagne'
    • Released 2006 by Analekta compact disc 27901
    • Duration: 9'14"
    • Recording date: 1962 and 1964 in P.S.R Studio, Montreal, Canada
    • Clementi piano (1810)

  33. Nicholson, Linda (clavichord) 'Tage alter Musik in Herne 1989'
    cover of cd Nicholson 15kB Linda Nicholson wrote for the cover

    Man muss nur die '12 Variationen über "Les Folies d'Espagne"' kennen und die besonderen Qualitäten des Clavichords zu schätzen, das vermutlich im mittleren und späten 18.Jahrhundert im deutschsprachigen Raum des bekannteste häusliche Tasteninstrument war. Carl Philipp Emanuel Bachs begründete Liebe zum Clavichord wird hier besonders dokumentiert; denn in diesen Variationen spielt er die ganze Klankfülle der verschiedenen Register des Instruments aus und nutzt die Möglichkeit zur detaillierten Artikulation.

    • Title: 12 Variationen über 'Les Folies d'Espagne' Wq 118,9 (1778)
    • Released by WDR and Stadt Herne 3x compact disc D 7378-80
    • Duration: 7'23"
    • Recording date: December 9, 1989, 11.00 a.m. in front of live audience in Kulturzentrum in Herne, Germany

  34. Padilla, Eunice (harpsichord)
    • Title: 12 Variaciones sobre las Folías de España en Re menor
    • Broadcasted by Opus, Instituto Mexicano de la Radio
    • Duration: 7'45"
    • Recording date: June 25, 2007 in el Estudio 'A' del Instituto Mexicano de la Radio

  35. Praetorius, Lisedore (harpsichord) 'La Folia'

    Les Folies d'Espagne by Lisedore Praetorius
    Duration: 9'05" direct link to YouTube
    © c.1950 by Lisedore Praetorius

    • Released c. 1950 by Impromptu LP CS 93402
    • Duration: 7'51"
    • Recording date not mentioned on th backside of the cover
    • see also the page Recommended Folia-recordings
  36. The Purcell Quartet (harpsichord solo Robert Woolley) 'C.P.E. Bach, La Folia and other works' cover of The Purcell Quartet - 23kB

    Robert Wooley
    Duration: 8'03" direct link to YouTube
    © 1988 by Robert Woolley

    • Released 1988 by Hyperion compact disc CDA66239
    • Duration: 7'56"
    • Recording date October 29/30, 1986 location unknown

  37. The Purcell Quartet (harpsichord solo Robert Woolley) 'La Folia, variations on a theme'

    Robert Woolley plays all variations by C.P.E. Bach
    Duration: 7'56" direct link to YouTube
    © 1986 by Robert Woolley

    This cd assembles 'La Folia'-inspired works by six composers, starting with the original Corelli Sonata and ending with Geminiani's orchestral arrangement of it. The C.P.E. Bach and A. Scarlatti works are for solo keyboard. The six pieces are all taken from a series of earlier Hyperion cd's individually devoted to the respective composers. Duration of the six folias (incl. Marais, Vivaldi) 68'22"
    • Title: 12 Variationen über die Folie d'Espagne Wq118/9H263
    • Released 1998 by Hyperion compact disc CDA67035
    • Duration: 7'56"
    • Recording date October 29/30, 1986 location unknown
  38. Puyana, Rafael (harpsichord) 'Rafael Puyana plays baroque masterpieces for the harpsichord'
    cover of Puyana's LP Das Virtuose Cembalo

    Les Folies d'Espagne by Rafael Puyana
    Duration: 9'25" direct link to YouTube
    © c.1964 by Rafael Puyana

    Rafael Puyana's view about this piece:

    The remarkable Variations on Les Folies d'Espagne by C.Ph.E. Bach though transitional in style, are included here as they extend the influence of the French School, and other charasteristics of the Baroque style through the 'classical' period into Romaticism.
    Les Folies d'Espagne is equally suited to the harpsichord, clavichord and fortepiano. Its composer was a master performer on all three instruments although his approach to each is known to have been distinctly different. On the harpsichord, the performer should, in my opinion, follow the original dynamic nuances by means of refined registration, for instance, two-keyboard- playing on eight-foot stops to achieve the desired forte and piano effects in Variation 2. On the whole, the harpsichordist must colour each variation according to its mood and retain, whenever possible, the legato-touch and plaintive rubato typical of clavichord playing (Variation 6 and 11). Levels of sound can be distributed effectively to secure the pianistic, Beethoven-like contrast essential to Variation contrast essential to Variation 8. The overall interpretation of phrasing, embellishments and rhythmic alterations should be oriented towards Baroque traditions, which are a part of C.Ph.E. Bach's musical image. The 'Thema' was not expected to be performed as written but must be ornamented. It can be brought back 'da capo' at the end of the composition, to complete the triptychlike form which composers usually applied to a set of variations. I have chosen to ornament the 'Thema' and its 'da capo' à la francaise, although both realisations differ in spirit altogether.

    • Title: Variations in D minor on Les folies d'Espagne W 118-9
    • Released without indication of year by Philips LP MONO 838 420AY
    • Duration 9'13"

  39. Puyana, Rafael (harpsichord) 'Cembalo Barock: Rafael Puyana' cover lp Puyana 15kB
    • Title: Variationen d-moll über 'Les folies d' Espagne'
    • Released unknown year by Philips Twen Serie 47.
    • Duration: unknown
    • Recording Date: unknown

  40. Puyana, Rafael (harpsichord) 'Baroque masterpieces for the harpsichord' cover cd Puyana 11kB

    Folie d'Espagne performed by Rafael Puyana
    Duration: 9'13" direct link to YouTube
    © by Mercury

    • Released 1965 by Mercury LP MG 50411, re-released as cd 1999 by Mercury Living Presence 462 959-2
    • Duration: 9'26"
    • Recording Date: April 1964

  41. Puyana, Rafael (harpsichord) 'La Pantonine and other Baroque masterpieces for the harpsichord' cover lp La Pantonine Puyana 11kB
    • Released by Philips LP SAL 3744
    • Duration: 9'26"
    • Recording Date: April 1964

  42. Puyana, Rafael (harpsichord) 'Das Virtuose Cembalo, Rafael Puyana'
    • Released 1970 by Philips Universo-serie LP Stereo 6582 005

  43. Ragossnig, Thomas 'Virtuoso Variations'
    cover cd Ragossnig 15kB Thomas Ragossnig wrote for the slipcase in an interview in 1991:

    [...] Does this make Soler's fandago the most unconventional piece of this selection? Thomas Ragossnig: Certainly. However, concerning the liberal treatment of the thematic material, Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach with his folia variations also pursues a unique, yet completely different, path. Again, it is bass variations, though not improvised but experimentally and very densely composed in full. Bach intervenes with the form of the theme crafting respectively individual, contrasting characters therefrom which stand at a distinctive distance from this original form. In his case, the theme undergoes a true metamorphosis in several variations contrary to Mozart's variations on Ah, vous dirai-je Maman, where the theme of the song can be clearly discerned at any time. The selection of themes is in itself characteristic with these composers: C. Ph. E. Bach with the folia resorts to a model known since the 16th century that had gone out of fashion and from which he then developed something of a very contemporary if not future-oriented nature. Mozart, on the other hand, in the same year of 1778 composed a more transparent, less deviated playing form about a song which was popular then.

    • Title: Variationen 'Folie d'Espagne' D minor Wq.118,9
    • Released 1996 by Bayer-Records compact disc BR 100 225
    • Duration: 12'19"
    • Recording date: April 1990 in Zinzendorfer-Saal in Basel, Switserland

  44. Ruf, Hugo edited the music
    • Les folies d'espagne; Thema mit Variationen für Pianoforte oder andere Tasteninstrumente (Clavichord, Cembalo) [W. 118]
    • Part of the series: Ars musicae et studium; Originalmusik für Haus und Unterricht
    • Published 1955 by G. Ricordi, printed by Lorrach, Baden
    • Score: 12 p. size 21x30cm

  45. Sgrizzi, Luciano (forte-piano) 'Les fils de Bach, oeuvres pour le forte-piano' cover lp Sgrizzi - 15kB
    • Title: Les folies d'Espagne
    • Released 196? by Cycnus LP 60 CS 539
    • Duration: 7'55"
    • Recording date: February 1966 in Lugano on a Neupert fortepiano
    • More about the oeuvre and life of this harpsichord player at http://jsebestyen.org/sgrizzi/

  46. Silva, Preethi de (harpsichord) 'Harmonic Labyrinth' cover cd de Silva - 15kB
    • Title: Variationes über die Folie d'Espagne (12), for keyboard in D minor, H. 263, Wq. 118/9
    • Released 2011 by The Con Gioia Recordings (FHR/First Hand Records) compact disc FHR 11
    • Duration: 8'59"
    • Recording date: May 17-19, 2010 in Garrison Theater, Scripps College Performing Arts Center, Claremont, California, USA
    • Harpsichord built by John Phillips, Berkeley, 2001, after instruments by Johann Heinrich Gräbner, the Younger, Dresden, circa 1740

  47. Spigt, Jaap (clavichord) 'Klinkende schoonheid uit vroeger eeuwen, Jaap Spigt bespeelt instrumenten uit het Haags Gemeentemuseum'
    • Released without indication of year by Bovema-EMI, Haarlem Holland 5C063-24317

  48. Staier, Andreas (harpsichord) 'C.P.E. Bach: Sonatas and Fantasien' cover re release by Sony 2010 Andreas Staier - 15kB
    Andreas Staier wrote for the slipcase:

    The variations on the theme Folie d'Espagne also bear an experimental character: the composer addressed himself to a wholly antiquared theme whose harmony cannot be meaningfully integrated into the the musical language of the later eighteenth century - it was a mannered, almost absurd undertaking, perhaps the first example of a variations cycle with an ironic distance to the theme.

    • 12 Variationes auf die Folie d'Espangne d-moll Wq 118.9 aus 'Sammlung verschiedener Clavierstucke mit Veranderungen...', Hamburg 1777.
    • Released 1989 by Harmonia Mundi compact disc RD77025, re released by Deutsche Harmonia Mundi (Sony) 2010 compact disc 88697 576.30 2
    • Duration: 8'40"
    • Recording date: November 18-20, 1987 in Schulzentrum, Lindlar
    • Harpsichord built by Bruce Kennedy (Chateau d'Oex, 1987) after Christian Zell (Hamburg 1728)

  49. Tsai, Chia-Hsuan (harpsichord) Chia-Hsuan Tsai at YouTube 15kB

    Chia-Hsuan Tsai plays Folie d'Espagne
    Duration: 7'35" direct link to YouTube
    © 2014 by Chia-Hsuan Tsai

    • Title: 12 Variationen uber "Folies d' Espagne", Wq.118/9
    • Released December 2014 at YouTube by Barock Taipei
    • Duration: 7'35"
    • Recording date: unknown

  50. Vollrath, Faythe (harpsichord) Chia-Hsuan Tsai at YouTube 15kB
    She gave a recital exclusively dedicated to the Folía theme in 2014.
    In the program was written:

    .Faythe Vollrath - La Folia: a Tumultuous Evening of Music, Cathedral of the Blessed Sacrament, Sacramento, CA
    Dr. Faythe Vollrath presents a performance of solo harpsichord music in downtown Sacramento at the Cathedral of the Blessed Sacrament, K and 11th Streets. This concert explores the fascinating and complex world of the "La Folia", one of the world's oldest musical themes. From its early days as a frenzied and tumultuous folk dance to its latter elevated status in the courts of France, this intriguing and versatile theme skips its way through the centuries, taking unexpected twists and turns throughout the concert. The concert focuses on music from the Baroque era, with each selection containing, or referring to, the "La Folia" theme. Through this unifying factor, the audience will experience a wide selection of differing types of music and different composers, providing an entertaining overview into the world of the harpsichord.

    Faythe Vollrath plays Folie d'Espagne
    Duration: 7'44" direct link to YouTube
    © 2015 by Faythe Vollrath

    • Title: Variations auf die Folie d' Espagne", Wq.118/9
    • Released 27 April 2015 at YouTube by Faythe Vollrath
    • Duration: 7'44"
    • Recording date: 7 February 2014 in the Cathedral of the Blessed Sacrament, Sacramento, California, USA

  51. Wenstedt, Axel (organ) Click to listen to the soundfile, Folie d'Espagne in a performance for organ by Axel Wenstedt

    Duration: 6'38", 6.2 Mb. (128KB/s, 44100 Hz)
    The variations (minus var. 5 and 12) arranged for organ and performed by Axel Wenstedt
    © Axel Wenstedt 2007 Smitsorgel Sint-Oedenrode, used with permission
    Recorded with a Sony Minidisc walkman MZ-R700, microphone Sony Stereo ECM-909A

    Smitsorgel in Sint-Oedenrode
    Axel Wenstedt wrote about the performance for organ:

    Probably there is no recording of this piece for organ and I never heard it during a concert either. Despite these facts, I think the organ has some features which are very suitable for the way Carl Philipp treated the Folia theme in most variations. I left out variation number five while the keys for the left hand are not available on the organ and a work around has some disadvantages in this particular case.
    There are three main reasons to play this piece on the organ and not on the harpsichord or clavichord which is common practice.
    First of all the organ of the Sint-Martinus Church (built in 1839 with a late Baroque disposition and intonation and restored in 2001) is very appropriate for the repertoire of C.Ph.E Bach based upon the experience of several organ-players the last couple of years. As a harpsichordist I knew the Folies d'Espagne by C.P.E. Bach but the acoustics of this particular church (resonance) is more suitable for the organ than for the harpsichord. Especially the 'Sturm und Drang' effects, the contrasts in dynamics, rhythms, and voicing (registers) fit in nicely.
    The second reason has an historical background. In the 19th Century, local organ-players in this region (Brabant) frequently played music originally written for piano and orchestra. There was relatively less literature for organ to be heard. These roots are still often taken into account during concerts. Besides it was around the era of the Baroque not often clear for which instrument pieces were written in the first place.
    The third reason is more of a practical kind. The program already had a concert for flute by C.P.E. Bach included and as I am scheduled as solo organ player in between I looked for common grounds.

    Some additional information about the performance: to avoid a blur of voices it is essential to know both the organ (and its stops) and the acoustical features of the space where the organ is located. In the church of Sint-Oedenrode there is serious resonance. So the way to play this piece is a harpsichordistic playing style to produce a transparant articulation.
    variation IV: the upper voice is played with the right hand on the upper manual 8' (Holpijp8 & Roerfluit4) (the normal pitch) and the lower voice is played with the left hand on the lower manual 4' (Fluit4 + Gemsh. 2). In this manner the two voices which are normally separated by an octave, now got interwoven like a wreath.
    Variation VIII reminds me of effects Beethoven used as I once had read about this variation.

    Axel Wenstedt wrote in an e-mail 15 June 2012:

    I will perform this piece at several concerts this summer
    Zaterdagavond 23 juni 2012 om 20.12 uur in de Maria Magdalenakerk in Brugge http://www.yot.be/
    Openingsmanifestatie zomerproject 2012 'ONE' van “Yot” Axel Wenstedt, Schijvenorgel 1875
    Zaterdag 30 juni 2012 15.30uur Martinuskerk  Sint-Oedenrode: orgel + saxofoon + poezie http://www.sintmartinusparochie.nl/smitsorgel/
    Axel Wenstedt, Smitsorgel 1839  mmv Jo Hennen, sopraan- alt- en tenorsaxofoon (Geldrop) en Julius Dreyfsandt zu Schlamm, dichter (Sint-Oedenrode)
    Donderdag 2 augustus 2012 15.30 uur dorpskerk in Vorden  http://www.muziekdorpskerkvorden.nl/
    Axel Wenstedt, Lohmannorgel 1834
    Zaterdag 4 augustus 2012 12.30 uur Zutphen Walkburgiskerk
    Axel Wenstedt, Ahrend- en Baderorgel en Jos Koning, barokviool / viola d’amore
    zondag 5 augustus 2012  12.30 uur Deventer, Bergkerk
    boekenmarktkoffieconcert http://www.eventindeventer.nl/deventerboekenmarkt/programma.php

    Axel Wenstedt, orgel
    Jos Koning, barokviool / viola d’amore
    Julius Dreyfsandt zu Schlamm, dichter (Sint-Oedenrode) .

    • Thema en variaties over La Folie d'Espagne WQ 118 (1781)
    • Performed during a concert with pieces of J.S. Bach and Bohm.
    • Duration: 6'38"
    • Date of performance: June 30, 2007 organ of the Sint-Martinuskerk in Sint-Oedenrode (Smitsorgel), The Netherlands
    • More about the organ at http://www.sintmartinusparochie.nl/smitsorgel/
  52. Wolf, Kerstin (organ) Kerstin Wolf 15kB

    Folie d'Espagne performed on the organ by Kerstin Wolf
    Duration: 9'54" direct link to YouTube
    © 2013 by Kerstin Wolf

    • Title: Zwölf Variationen über La Folie d'Espagne
    • Released 2013 at YouTube by Kerstin Wolf
    • Duration: 9'54"
    • Recording date: 2013 at the Carl- Philipp-Emanuel-Bach-Orgel St. Michaelis, Hamburg, Germany
    • The website of Kerstin Wolf http://kerstinwolf.de/en/home/

  53. Zylberajch, Aline (Tangentenflügel) Zylberajch 15kB
    • Title: 12 Variations sur "Les folies d'Espagne", Wq. 118 No. 9
    • Released 2013 by L'Encelade ECL1201
    • Tangentenflügel William Jurgenson d'après Späth und Schmahl, Regensburg, ca. 1770 conservé au Landesmuseum -- Württemberg (Stuttgart).
    • Duration: 8'33"
    • Recording date: unknown
    • Also a fragment at YouTube at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VLRZdavk2io

Bach, Jan (1937- )
Foliations, twenty variations on La Folia for brass quintet (1995) (including theme, chorale and fugue)
The work is written for two B-flat trumpets, horn, trombone and tuba and commissioned by the Stockholm Chamber Brass. The premiere of the work took place at the Lieksa Brass Week in Finland July 25 and 28, 1998 in two sessions (both including the Theme and the Chorale and Fuga) .
portrait of Jan Bach - 23kB Jan Bach wrote about his Foliations:

Foliations (the contraction of Folia and Variations referring to the origins of the word Folia as empty-headed or madness) was written in 1995 for the Stockholm Chamber Brass, a brass quintet which commissioned it to go on a CD album of Renaissance music. I decided to base my work on the later version of 'La Folia', which nevertheless has enough ties to the 'earlier' piece that I thought it would fit right in with the other Renaissance pieces on the album. I wrote the work as a 'sandwich': the beginning THEME and the concluding CHORALE and FUGA are immovable as the outside movements of the work, but the remaining eighteen short variations are to be used as a source from which any number may be played and in any order. The musicians make their own choice how the work will be performed.
In fact, when I mailed the piece (with the parts for each variation on a separate piece of paper) each player got the movements in a different alphabetical order, with Trumpet I receiving the parts with their titles' first letter alphabetized, Trumpet II getting the second letter alphabetized, and so on. I have no 'correct' order in which the parts should be performed.
The variations are primarily sectional, ornamental variations, based on the chord changes of the original along with some chord substitutes. The titles (working titles, really -- they needn't be listed in the program), aside from the Theme, Chorale and Fuga, are: American, Arpeggios, Austrian, Bumptious, Caccia, Cadenzas, Canzona, Germanic (duet), Phlegmatic, Reflectively, Rococo, Romanie, Russian, Scholarly, Stealthily, Tersely, Trio, and Wistful.
It was intended that, because the work was originally to be recorded as its premiere, the movements could be continuous; even page turns would be no problem if the performers played each movement as a single "take", and then the recording engineer could butt them up against each other. I really don't know how the performers are going to handle the page turns in a live performance; they may have to take slight breaks between the variations because they generally play throughout each variation. La Folia has been of interest to me since I took violin lessons as a youth and played the Corelli version; it's got a great harmonic progression.

The oeuvre of Jan Bach can be found at http://www.janbach.com

Click to listen to the soundfile, Theme of Foliations by Jan Bach

Duration: 1'32", 5 kB.
The theme as indicated below sequenced by Jan Bach (without Dynamics)
© Jan Bach 1997, used with permission

Click to listen to the soundfile, Theme of Foliations by Jan Bach

Duration: 1'52", 1776 kB. (128kbs, 44100Hz)
The theme as indicated below
© Jan Bach 1997, used with permission

Click to listen to the soundfile, Germanic variation of Foliations by Jan Bach

Duration: 1'04", 3 kB.
The German variation ('Germanic') sequenced by Jan Bach (without dynamics)
© Jan Bach 1997, used with permission

Click to listen to the soundfile, The Rococo variation of Foliations by Jan Bach

Duration: 1'05", 1080 kB. (128kbs, 44100Hz)
The Rococo variation
© Jan Bach 1997, used with permission

Click to listen to the soundfile, Canzona Ultima variation of Foliations by Jan Bach

Duration: 1'09", 1108 kB. (128kbs, 44100Hz)
The Canzona Ultima variation
© Jan Bach 1997, used with permission

Click to listen to the soundfile, The La Caccia variation of Foliations by Jan Bach

Duration: 1'04", 1038 kB. (128kbs, 44100Hz)
The La Caccia variation
© Jan Bach 1997, used with permission

Click to listen to the soundfile, The Trio variation of Foliations by Jan Bach

Duration: 1'10", 1166 kB. (128kbs, 44100Hz)
The Trio variation
© Jan Bach 1997, used with permission

Click to listen to the soundfile, Chorale-Fugue of Foliations by Jan Bach

Duration: 5'45", 5468 kB. (128kbs, 44100Hz)
The Chorale-Fugue, the closing part of the composition
© Jan Bach 1997, used with permission

Opening of Foliations for Brass Quintet reproduced by permission of Meadow Music
Jan Bach, opening score
  1. Bach, Jan
    • Pblished after the premiere (summer 1998) by Meadow Music P.O. Box 403, Wasco IL 60183 815-753-7003
    • Score and 5 parts
    • Duration: 'open' performance time of 6'00" to 15'00"
    • Premiere July 25 and 28, 1998 at the Lieksa Brass Week, Finland
  2. Stockholm Chamber Brass 'Foliations' Foliations by Stockholm Chamber Brass - 16kB
    • Urban Agnas: Monette CTrumpet MC6,X· Mouthpiece: Monelte C4; Monelte B flat Trumpet '49Xl· Mouthpiece: Monette B4.
      Tora Thorslund: Monette CTrumpet MC6,X· Mouthpiece: STC C-3
      Jonas Bylund: Conn B8Cl-2000 Trombone with Redbrass Bell· Mouthpiece: 2Cl
      Jens Bj0rn-Larsen: B&S F-Tuba· Mouthpiece: Conn/Helleberg
      Markus Maskuniitty: Alexander '03 Horn (Brass) - Mouthpiece: Bruno Tilz
      Christian lindberg: Conn 88 Sterling silver bell Cl-2000 Trombone· Mouthpiece: Christian lindberg 4Cl
    • Released 2009 by BIS compact disc BIS-CD-1438
    • Duration: the pieces are chopped up into 4 parts between the other compositions of the disc:
      Part 1 Foliations: 7'57" (Theme. Andante 2'19", Austrian. Intensely 0'50", Bumptious. Metronomically precise, con forza 0'48", Arpeggione. Lightly 0'44", Canzona Ultima. Moderato brilliante 1'10", Rococo. Reflective 0'51", Stealthily. Deliberate tempo 1'09")
      Part 2 Foliations 3'54" (Tersely. As quickly and c1ranly as possible 0'24", Wistful. Gently moving 0'39", Phlegmatic. Andante 1'46", American. Seventies' teenybopper tempo 1'03")
      Part 3 Foliations 6'29"(Canonic. Scholarly 0'56", Cadenza. Heavily, un poco rubato 1'54", La Caccia. As quickly and lightly as possibly 1'01", Germanic. Bomposo 2'00", Romanesque. Very quickly 0'36")
      Part 4 Foliations 8'08" (Russian, Lively 1'26", Reflective, Gently 0'57", Chorale, Deliberate and weighty 0'46", Fugue, Allegro vivace 4'58")
    • Recording date: February 2004 at the Eskilstuna Concert Hall, Sweden
Bach, Johann Sebastian (1685-1750)
'Unser trefflicher lieber Kammerherr' (1742) from the Bauernkantate (BWV 212).

The sheet music
© Public Domain
Source The Petrucci Library

Unknown performers
Duration: 4'21" direct link to YouTube
© Unknown

Click to listen to the soundfile, Unser trefflicher lieber Kamerherr by Johann Sebastian Bach

Duration: 1'53", 06 kB.
The complete Aria, voice substituted by a flute

Intro of Unser trefflicher lieber Kamerherr
for violino, viola and continuo
by Bärenreiter-Verlag Kassel, 1975
J.S. Bach, opening score - 13kB
Just on formal grounds one acoustic Bach-performance is mentioned, but there are a lot more.
Click to listen to the soundfile, fragment of Bach's Aria from the Peasants Cantate by La Cetra d'Orfeo

Duration: 1'03", 1 Mb. (128kB/s, 44100 Hz)
Fragment of the opening of Bach's Aria with a recorder substituting the voice of the violin
© 2007 La Cetra d'Orfeo, used with permission

Michel Keustermans wrote for the slipcase of the disc 'Folias, Folies Baroques' by 'La Cetra d'Orfeo' (translation by Rachel Stacchini-Betton-Foster):

In the so-called 'Peasants' cantate, BWV 212, Johann Sebastian Bach paints a picture of the village dances of his time. Each air is repeated with a different dance rhythm, and this tune refers to the Folia where one clearly hears the theme played at the beginning. Unusually for Bach the text, 'our servant is a very pleasant man' has little to do with its musical setting. The short variations follow on from each other in the same way as do the instruments and voice in magnificent harmonic shades.

Has J.S. Bach ever heard the Folia theme himself?
Pater Williams wrote in 'Bach, The Goldberg variations'about the early variations BWV 989 with the subtitle alla maniera italianai:

What is Italian about these variations has always been rather a puzzle, but I think it could be have been that they had different tempi and tempo-signs, unfamiliar in Germany but learnt by Bach from Corelli's La Folía, the last of the solo violin sonatas Op.5 (hence maniera italiana)

  1. Contentus musicus Wien/Harnoncourt, Nikolaus 'Jagtkantate/Bauernkantate'
    • Released 1990 by Teldec Classics compact disc 2292-46151-2
    • Duration: 1'53"
  2. Neuman, Werner (herausgabe von)
    • Title: Neue Ausgabe Sämtlicher Werke, Serie I: Kantaten, band 39
    • Herausgegeben vom Johann-Sebastian-Bach-Institut und vom Bach-Archiv Leipzig, Göttingen
    • Published by Bärenreiter-Verlag Kassel, 1975
    • Score 2 pages (four lines: violino, viola, soprano and continuo) p. 161 and 162
    • Publisher No. BA 5040
  3. Siepmann, Jeremy (author and narrator) 'Life and Works: Bach, J.S.' biography of J.S. Bach 15 kB
    In this biography the Folia-theme is mentioned and as an illustration the aria is to be heard.
    • Title: Peasant Cantata (excerpts)
    • Released by Naxos 4 cd-box compact disc 8.558051-54
    • Compact disc 4, track 3
    • Duration: 15'42". Fragment Aria 1'50" starting at 7'50"
    • Included booklet of 116 pages, ISBN 1-84379-022-X

Bachlund, Gary(1947- )
Follies, Flights and Fugues for viola and piano (2010)
portrait of Greg Bachlund 15 kB
A very impressionistic and melancholic reflection featuring the viola where the Folía theme is fully exposed and twisted in some inversions. Where the piano sometimes echos the voice of the viola and the theme reappears vaguely just below the surface of the consiousness now and then.

Gary Bachlund wrote about his composition:

The Folïa theme appears in its entirety as well as in truncated pieces, and is also altered into the relative major for additional variety, and my choice of caccia and fughetta were additional contrapuntal ways of extending the theme.
Why did I choose the theme? In large part, because I remain devoted to traditional forms and subjects, and the theme had been mentioned on the website Musical Assumptions by Elaine Fine which led me to yours. In the same way that many composers have favored traditional forms for their work, I too favor them, and this form was new to me in its history – thank you for your site again, therefore – and in its interest to many composers. Looking at it, I was immediately struck at some alternatives in terms of breaking it apart into material for an extended piece. In doing so, it simply became jolly fun to follow along the many possibilities which it suggested. Having used cantus firmus themes in some of my organ work, this became both a cantus firmus of harmonic structures and relationships, and a fertile field for invention.

Click to listen to the soundfile Follies, Flights and Fugues

Duration: 5'44", 5490 kB (128kB/s, 44100Hz)
The completeFollies, Flights and Fugues for viola and piano (2010)
© 2010 Gary Bachlund, used with permission

  1. Bachlund, Gary
    • The MP3 is purely an emulation. Gary engraved the score using Sibelius 5.2.5 with Garritan voices
    • Released 2010 by Greg Bachlund
    • Duration: 5'44"
    • Recording date: March 2010 in Berlin, Germany
    • More about the composor Gary Bachlund and the sheet music can be found at his homepage http://www.bachlund.org/Follies_Flights_and_Fugues.htm

Bacri, Nicolas (1961- )
Folia: chaconne symphonique pour orchestre Opus 30 (1990)
portrait of N. Bacri from cd - 15 kB

Orchestre de Chambre Nouvelle Europe (Sébastien van Kuijk cello), Nicolas Krauze, conductor
Duration: 10'16" direct link to YouTube
© 2011 by Orchestre de Chambre Nouvelle Europe

Michael Ziegler wrote about Folia in the Music Reviews of Sonances, the new music site, edition January 1997:

A former winner of the Prix de Rome, Bacri writes in a fairly traditional idiom which strives for direct communication and expression. At turns influenced by Shostakovich and Frank Martin, Bacri's music is characterized by a fondness for melody and chromatic harmonies that result from clear voice-leading. There is nothing really new here, of course, but it makes for enjoyable pieces.
Folia was originally written for orchestra in 1990 and was premiered on 15 April 1993 in Paris by the Orchestre symphonique français and Laurent Petitgirard. This nine-minute chaconne is scored for a medium-size orchestra: 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons, 2 horns, 2 trumpets, timpani, xylophone, snare drum, triangle, and strings. It is based on a two-measure pattern taken from the 17th-century folia. Over and under this two-measure pattern, Bacri writes gently flowing chromatic melodies. The first section of the piece is marked by constantly increasing activity:, with the quarter-note melody going successively into eighth notes, triplet eighth notes, sixteenth notes, and thirty-second notes, to finally culminate in a homophonic presentation of the basic pattern. The second section, marked Dialogo, is a Scherzo in 9/8 time, based on motives derived from the osinato pattern and from the melody of the first section, with a slow Trio in 3/4 time. The third and last section of the piece is marked Epilogo and features slow chromatic counterpoint, which leads gradualy into a statement of the original folia. The orchestration remains traditional throughout, with only a few technical challenges for the strings. The arrangement of Folia for solo viola (or solo cello) and string orchestra has a solo part that is particularly demanding, while the orchestra part is not difficult.
© 1996 by Sonances and used with permission.

  1. Bacri, Nicolas
    • Published by Durand, Paris & T. Presser Co, USA 1990
    • Score 28 p., 27 cm.
    • Duration: c.8'00"
    • Contents: Prologo -- Dialogo -- Epilogo
    • Publisher No. D and F 14 482
  2. Bacri, Nicolas wrote the arrangement for viola, violoncello, or violin and string orchestra Opus 30b
    • Title: Folia : chaconne symphonique pour alto ou violoncelle ou violon et orchestre a cordes
    • Published by Durand, Paris & T. Presser Co, USA 1992
    • Score 19 p., 36 cm.
    • Duration: c.9'00"
    • Publisher No. D and F 14 482
    cd cover Bacri - 15kB
  3. George Enescu Philharmonic Orchestra/Prin, Yves with Williencourt, D. de (cello) Verney, L. (viola) Walter, B. (violin)
    'Folia Opus 30b' Prologo (Ciaccona), Dialogo (Scherzo) Epilogo (Tema)
    Hélène Thiébault wrote about Folia as introduction in the slipcase:

    Folia, originally conceived as a kind of 'show-piece' for l'Orchestre Symphonique Français and dedicated to its musical director Laurent Petitgirard, is interpreted here in the version for solo viola and chamber orchestra. The process leading from the first to the second version is allied to the theme of the Variations and Theme, the germ of which was originally found in a duet for violin and viola written shortly before and entitled Chaconne. 'While composing the duet I realised that this theme was closely allied to that of Folies d'Espagne; so I decided to transcribe and develop it for orchestra. In its new form the piece has the structure of Variations and Theme'. The transcription of Folia in the version recorded here was inspired by Bacri's fascination with Britten's 'Lachrymae', a work for viola and string orchestra similarly constructed.

    • Released Nov 1, 1995 by Etcetera Records compact disc 1149
    • Duration: Prologo 4'41", Dialogo 0'59", Epilogo 2'56"
    • Recording date: September 1992 at the Athénée Theater, Bucarest Romania in the presence of the composer
Folia: chaconne pour orgue (1993)
  1. Lecaudey, Jean-Pierre (organ)
    • Duration: 10'17"
    • Recording date: Premiere May 19, 1993 in the Auditorio Nacional (organ built by Gerard Grenzig), Madrid Spain
Bailleux, Antoine (unknown-1791)
Les Folies d'Espagne pour guittarre (1773): theme and 9 variations as part of Méthode de guittarre par musique et tablature, avec différens exercices sur le pincer de cet instrument dans les quels se trouvent les Folies d'Espagne, suivis d'une suitte d'airs et menuets ajustés pour un violon et une guitarre et d'une autre suitte d'airs à chanter avec accompagnement de guitarre.
Both tablature and and staff notation are used to present the music in this method. The author advocates advocates the use of the right-hand ring finger, not used in methods prior to this. He mentions that that if the students learn to execute the beginning exercises, they will eventually have the ability to play Les Folies d'Espagne.
Actually Bailleux was the publisher of the sheet music (often referred to as the 'Bailleux-method') and not the composer. Only the initials 'B.C.D' are known from the composer itself. For practical reasons I have classified this piece as the 'composition' of Bailleux.
First edition (1773) published in Paris.
Click to listen to the soundfile, theme as indicated and two more variations

Duration: 1'13", 04 kB.
Theme as indicated below and two more variations

Theme of Folies d'Espagne in a lay-out
derived from the original notation
reproduced with permission from
the Minkoff-edition 1972 p.16
Bailleux, opening score - 13kB
  1. Bailleux's publication was joined by another instruction book for the guitar written by Le Moine (including another Folia!). The facsimile of the second edition by le Moine and the first edition of Bailleux both published in 1773 were reprinted by Minkoff in one beautiful volume.
Baillon, Pierre-Jean (?-?)
Les Folies d'Espagnes (theme and 23 variations) (1781)
Theme of Les Folies d'Espagnes (1781)
opening score Baillon  - 13kB
Baillon, facsimile - 18kB
  1. Baillon, Piere-Jean
    • Title: Nouvelle méthode de guitarre selon le sisteme des meilleurs auteurs, contenant les moyens les plus clairs et les plus aises pour apprendre a accompagner une voix et parvenir a jouer tout ce qui est propre a cet instrument (first edition 1781)
      Progressive method containing instructions on how to set up the instrument and how to tune it, treating positions, 'passages' (divisions), with many pieces for the guitar solo and with accompaniment. An important aspect of Baillon's method is that in it we find the first reference to the use of single strings on the guitar, although he states that he prefers the sound of double courses.
    • re-published 1977 by Imbault-Paris/Minkoff, 1 volume 72 pages
    • Re-published by Minkoff (http://homepages.iprolink.ch/~minkoff/intro/intro.htm)
    • Score 4 p. Size 22 x 30 cm

Barrios Guitar Quartet (ensemble)
See: Hladek, Stefan (composer letter H)
Barry, Daniel(1955- )
La Folia Lando (2006)
cover of Walk All Ways 15kB Although the music of Daniel Barry is often seen as a bridge between classical music for ensemble and South American ingredients in an idiom of jazz, in 'La Folia Lando' the association with even more multicultural influences, including Arabic and Balkan flavors are hard to avoid. Partly directed by the instrumentation for instance the prominent (Balkan) accordion.
Most prominent for me personally is the similar approach of the music as often composed and performed by Rabih Abou Khalil (with somewhat similar instrumentation) with the collective unexpected accents in the phrases. Full control and strenght in the outline setting of the composition with lots of space for the transparant soloists. The result is a restrained and powerful mindsetter.
The Folia theme is introduced four times by the cello and the supporting instruments are dealing with the theme each time in a different way.

Daniel Barry wrote about this composition:

This arrangement was commissioned by Music Works Northwest, Seattle Washington USA for a premiere performance at the Olympic Recital Hall, April 1, 2006. As far as I know this is the only Folia set to an Afro-Peruvian Lando groove.

Click to listen to the soundfile, fragment of La Folia Lando

Duration: 1'05", 833 kB (96kB/s, 44100Hz)
Fragment of La Folia Lando
© 2007 Daniel Barry and the Origin/OA2 record label, used with permission

Duration: 7'26" direct link to YouTube
La Folia Lando, Part I by the chamber ensemble Walk All Ways
Recorded at Olympic Recital Hall, SSCC, Seattle, WA 17 November 2007
© 2006 Daniel Barry, used with permission

Duration: 5'05" direct link to YouTube
La Folia Lando, Part II by the chamber ensemble Walk All Ways
Recorded at Olympic Recital Hall, SSCC, Seattle, WA 17 November 2007
© 2006 Daniel Barry, used with permission

  1. Daniel Barry (cornet, melodica, misc. percussion), James DeJoie (bass clarinet, clarinet, flute, bari sax), Alicia Allen (violin), Ruth Marshall (cello), Steve Rice (accordion), Chris Symer (double bass), Scott Ketron (drums, congas), Will Dowd (cajon) 'Walk All Ways'
    • About the compositions of the compact disc: All compositions and arrangements by Daniel Barry except [...] La Folia Lando composed by A. Coreli (type error not Arcangelo Corelli?)
    • Released 2007 by Origin/OA2 compact disc 22039
    • Duration: 7'03"
    • Recording date: not mentioned in the documentation, location at Triad Studios, Redmond, Washington
    • At YouTube you can find a live performance of La Folia Lando part 1 and 2 http://www.youtube.com/danielbarrymusic
    • More about the composor and performer Daniel Barry can be found at his homepage http://www.barrymusic.com/
Barsotti, Thomas-Caspard-Fortuné Monsieur le Marquis De Montgrand (1786-1868),
Les Folies d’Espagne, air de Corelli varié
MÉTHODE DE MUSIQUE ADOPTÉE PAR L'ÉCOLE DE MARSEILLE 15kB Most probably composed for organ because he was appointed organiste et maître de chapelle de la cathedrále in Nice, but he also composed for piano, small ensembles and he wrote instruction books (MÉTHODE DE MUSIQUE ADOPTÉE PAR L'ÉCOLE DE MARSEILLE) .
  1. No published music found.
    • Published in Fétis, François-Joseph, Biographie universelle des musiciens…, tome 1, 2e édition, Paris, 1866, p. 255
    • Thanks to François-Emmanuel de Wasseige for detecting this item in literature

Baustetter, Jean Conrad (unknown - unknown)
'La Folie d'Espagne' (c. 1720)
Carmen B. Schmersahl wrote about this tune:

I assume it was written for harpsichord (I play it on both clavichord and harpsichord and think it works better on the latter). The piece consists the statement of the theme and two variations, essentially the ground bass and treble almost entirely in dotted eighth and sixteenth notes. Very 'dancy'.

Click to listen to the soundfile, La Folie d'Espagne

Duration: 0'28", 01 kB.
The theme of La Folie D'Espagne

Opening of La Folie D'Espagne Baustetter
Opening score Baustetter
  1. Halford, Margery edited the music for both harpsichord and piano
    • The harpsichord manual: an introduction to the technic, ornamentation and performance practices (1980)
    • Introduction to theme and variations for the piano (1985)
    • Published by Alfred Publishing 1980 and 1985
    • Score 3 pages both, 31 cm
    • Publisher No. unknown

cd cover Baxter - 25kB
Baxter,Becky (?-?)
Folia, anonymous from E Bc M. 1452
  1. Baxter, Becky (harp) 'O Lux Beata, Renaissance Harp Music, Becky Baxter, Harp'

    Folia, Anon. from E Bc M. 1452 by Becky Baxter and friends
    Duration: 9'05" direct link to YouTube
    © 2000 by Becky Baxter

    Watch out for this item because there is all the reason to temper the high expectations. The harp only takes the lead in one variation, the rest is played by the violin in the well-known baroque-style a la Farinelli. Renaissance Harp Music? I doubt it.
    In the booklet Becky Baxter wrote about Folia:

    The Folia track presents an accompanying instrumentation that became quite popular in Spain: harp and guitar. The various rhythmic patterns and accompaniment patterns used by the harp, guitar, and vihuela on this recording are entirely improvised. We chose to experiment on this recording by presenting the diferencias organized or grouped in pairs instead of a nonstop delivery of the melodic material. Only the melody is given in the manuscript

    • Title: Folia, Anon. from E Bc M. 1452
      What does E Bc M. 1452 mean? M. could be the abbreviation of Manuscript but the rest?
    • Released 2000 by Dorian compact disc DOR-93193
    • Duration: 9'05"
    • Recorded January 25-29, 1998 at Heights Sound Studio in Houston, Texas
    • Paul Shipper, 5-course Baroque violin (copied after Guarnerius del Gesu, 734 'Rode'by David Rubio 1997), Becky Baxter, large Iberian cross-strung harp (made by Tim Hobrough), Paul Shipper, 5-course guitar (after Voboam by Lawrence K. Brown in Ashville, North Carolina)
Beauvarlet-Charpentier, Jacques-Marie also known as Beauvarlet, dit Charpentier (1766-1834)
Les folies d'Espagne, air du célèbre Corelli avec douze nouvelles variations pour le forte piano dédiées à Monsieur Auguste de Talleyrand... par Beauvarlet Charpentier
Les folies d'Espagne avec accompag.t de violon ad libitum". - 12 variations sur le thème de la sonate op. 5, no 12 de Corelli
12 New variations for piano and violin in d minor based upon the Folía by Corelli (opus 5 nr, 12).

Tomas Vitek who detected these variations wrote in an e-mail February 27, 2014 :

The title of the piece specifically says "avec douze nouvelles variations," so I assume that the variations are composed by Beauvarlet-Charpentier and are not just plain transcriptions of variations by Corelli.

  1. Corbaux, Nicolas-Firmin, editor of the sheet music

Bédard, Jean-Baptiste (1765-1818)
Folies d'Espagne (theme and sixteen variations)
Published in two manuscripts for lyre or guitar and violin or flute. Abe Nagytothy-Toth edited and revised the original version for two instruments and mentioned that the guitar or lyre parts in both versions are identical. The titlepage of one of the publication, the other publication can be retrievd from the Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek

The sheet music
© Public Domain
Source The Petrucci Library

  1. Bédard, Jean-Baptiste.
    • Title: " LA GAVOTTE DE VESTRIS, Variée pour Lyre ou Guitare. Suivie de Seize Nouvelles Variations DES FOLIES D'ESPAGNE, avec Accompagnement de Flute ou Violon (ad libitum) DÉDIÉE à M.lle Prudence Laforge. PAR J. B. BÉDARD, Professeur; OeUVRE 39.me"
    • Published in Paris : Jouve, [18--?]
    • Score: 9 pages
    • Size: 33 cm
    • OeUVRE 39.me" Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek for the complete publication
  2. Mourat, Jean-Baptiste edited the music for his 'La Guitare Classique', Vol. C
    Click to listen to the soundfile, Folies d'Espagne (theme and eleven variations)

    Duration: 6'52", 30 kB.
    Theme and all variations as sequenced by Patrick Navarro, used with permission

    James Phan asked Jean-Baptiste Mourat in May 2001 about the context of this piece composed by Bédard and he was so kind to give a translation into English:

    Concerning the Folies d'Espagne by J-B Bedard, I found it at the Bibliothèque Nationale (note: the French national archives for books and manuscripts, it is also the depository for anything that was/is printed, even nowadays, you can imagine the volume !) 25 years ago and I still have a copy. Bedard was a guitar teacher who lived between the middle of the XVIIIth century till the beginning of the XIXth. He wrote very few pieces of interest, as was often the case for the guitar at that time. If it wasn't for my arrangement of his 'Variations sur la Foliá', this piece would have seemed 'rather plain' to my colleagues. Moreover, the tremolo (note: the 10th) variation is mine: this style appeared only starting from the middle of the XIXth, if my sources are correct. I wanted that piece to be technically complete.
    Oddly enough I will do it again with the volume that is due to come out in September 2001. This time it will be a Folia from the XVIIth century that had been written for the lute.

    • Published 1979 by Editions M. Combre, 14 Boulevard Poissonnière, Paris 9e, France ref C 4668
    • Score: 7 p.
    • Size: 22,5 x 30 cm
  3. Nagytothy-Toth, Abe revised & edited the music for guitar and violin or flute

    12 pages in pdf, 321 kB
    © Abe Nagytothy-Toth 2009, used with permission

    Click to listen to the soundfile, Folies d'Espagne (theme and eleven variations)

    Duration: 8'08", 36 kB.
    Theme and all variations as sequenced by Abe Nagytothy-Toth
    intended as a guide without imitating the original instruments
    © Abe Nagytothy-Toth 2009, used with permission

    Abe Nagytothy-Toth wrote in an e-mail the third of September 2009:

    Attached I am sending copies of the originals of this Folias  Op.39/2 by Jean-Baptiste Bédard. The Lyre ou Guitare parts are identical in both versions.  Actually it comes from the same printing plate nº 27.  The duo version is from D:Mbs München, and the solo version from F:Pn Paris.
    On your documentation you have already the Bédard Folias stating that it is from F:Pn also, but as I realize, in the tema the interpreter uses a different rhythmical pattern, and so on (note from the redaction: the music with Jean-Baptiste Mourat as the editor).
    Just before I sent you a score of this Folias in PDF of the original duo by Bédard, and also the same as a MIDI file.  This MIDI file is just a guide, the sound is electronic, and not imitating the original instruments.

    • Published 2009 title: 'Les Folies d'Espagne Op.39/2 Guitar, Flute (Violin ) ad lib.'
    • Score: 12 pages and one part
    • Size: 21x 29 cm

Beethoven, Ludwig van (1770-1827)
Symphonie Nr 5 c-moll op. 67, Andante con moto (1808)
I'm familiar with this work since I was a small boy, because my parents loved Beethoven's music. In July 1997, just after starting this homepage I got an e-mail from Mario Martinoli, who read about my interest for the theme of La Folia in the Early Music-newsgroup. He pointed out that the progression of the first 8 bars of the theme is somewhat hidden halfway in the Andante. With mixed feelings of disbelief and curiosity I listened again and .... yes! How could I ever have missed it? So not a genuine variation upon La Folia, but a rather interesting sidestep Beethoven made by using the standard chord progression of the first 8 bars in three-eight time. Coincidence?

Although some recent sources mention that the fragment of the Folia theme in Beethoven's symphony was detected only in the 90's of the last century, Reed J. Hoyt analyzed some Folia-aspects in the oeuvre of Beethoven already in 1982 in his 'Letter to the Editor', in the journal 'College Music Symposium 21', where he draws attention to the existence of complex archetypal patterns and their relationship.

As indicated these two passages (editor: in the previous part a fragment of Mozart's Requiem and Bruckner's Symphony No. 4 were mentioned) are based on the Folia pattern in an analogous way, that is the melodic pattern established by the first few tones extends into a sequence. To my knowledge neither link has been mentioned in older theoretical treatises. So we wonder if composers were aware of possible derivations. Certainly Beethoven's use of the original Folia pattern (without labeling it as such) is curious; see the second movement, measures 167-176 of the Symphony No. 5 in C Minor, the second movement 1-8, of the Sonata No 3, in A Major for Cello and Piano, Opus 69 and slightly altered the second theme of the first movement of the Concerto No. 5 in E-flat for Piano and Orchestra, Opus 73 (measures 38-45). Moreover, Beethoven used the Folia sequence in such works as the Symphony No. 4 in B-flat (first movement, measures 89-92) and the Sonata in E Major Opus 109 (first movement, measures 27-32). But it is difficult to assign an extramusical or affective meaning to these passages with any degree of consistency.

To understand the context better Hoyt gives in 2002 for this website a more detailed description of the Beethoven fragments in relation to the Folia-theme:

As noted before, I would say that the example from the Fifth Symphony is the most pure. The example from the scherzo of the Cello Sonata repeats the initial tonic chord and the cadence at the end of the phrase. In A minor I would consider the Folia bass to be A-E-A-G-C-G-A-E (or E-A). The cello sonata example is A-A-E-A-G-A-G-A-E-A-E-A. (with the first E repeated twice, one E per beat in the third measure). Perhaps it would be more clear to diagram this using vertical lines to represent barlines:
A | A | E E E| A | G | A G| A E A | E A |
The 'Emperor' Concerto example consists of many repetitions of the fourth leaps, starting with the anacrusis to measure 38 (key of E-flat minor):
Bb | Eb Bb Eb Bb | Eb Bb Eb Bb | Eb Bb Eb Db | Db Gb Db Db| Gb Db Gb Eb|F Eb F Bb | Eb Bb Eb Bb | Bb....
which elaborates Eb Bb Eb Db Gb Db Eb Bb'.

In his 1997 publication 'The chromatic fourth during four centuries of music' Peter Williams wrote:

The variations of the slow movement of the Fifth Symphony too include a strikingly archaic moment: in the tonic minor at bars 166ff can be discerned a complete statement of 'La Folia'.

In the slipcase of the Hyperion compact disc CDA67035 released in 1998 and dedicated to 6 sets of variations on the folia-theme, there is a rather curious confirmation of this Beethoven-item:

It (la Folia-theme) was used by Beethoven too in his Fifth Symphony where it is quoted in the harmony towards the end of the slow movement - a fact which apparently escaped musicological detection until 1994 when it was recognized by an Open University student, Lucy Hayward-Warburton (to the astonishment of her tutor)'.

Click to listen to the soundfile, bars 166-176 of the 5th Symphonie

Duration: 0'32", 04 kB.
The 'hidden' Folia-theme (bars 166-176) as indicated in the clickable sheet music for full orchestre in the Andante con moto (5th Symph.)

Click the sheet music for the fragment in the original full orchestration version
Excerpt of Folia-theme by Beethoven
for only flutes, viole and celli
by Leipzig Verlag von
Breitkopf & Härtel
Beethoven's folia-theme for only flute, viole and celli - 18kB,  with an embedded full orchestra fragment - 60kB
  1. Ludwig van Beethoven's Werke, Vollständige kritisch dürchgesehene überall berechtigte Ausgabe, Serie 1, Symphonien für grosses Orchester
    • Leipzig Verlag von Breitkopf & Härtel
    • Symphonie No. 5 in C moll, Op. 67, Andante con moto: bars 166 - 175
Behrend, Siegfried (1933-1990)
Betrachtung über einen spanischen Tanz für Zupforchester ( plucked orchestra) in d moll (1964)
This piece includes the Aria from Johann Sebastian Bach as one variation and some variations similar to the ones by Corelli
  1. Behrend, Siegfried edited the music
    • Instruments: mandolin I and II, mandola, guitar and bass
    • Published by Hans Ragotzky, Der Volksmusikverlag, R 441, Berlin
    • Duration: approx. 5 minutes
    • 178 bars
Behringer, Michel (?- ) fragment of double compact disc Miguel de Cervantes Don Quijote 15kB
Recitado: 'Llego la noche, y ya en casa hubo sarao de damas' as part of Miguel de Cervantes Don Quijote de la Mancha, Romances y Músicas
based upon an idea of Jordi Savall (including selection of texts and music).
The idea of Cervantes novel Don Quixote (Quichotte) has a huge impact on social and cultural life till this very day. There are ballets (Brian Large 1984, Kirov 1988, Nureyev 2002), movies (Grigori Kozintsef 1957, Orson Welles 1992, Peter Yates 2000) and numerous theatre plays dedicated to Don Quixote. It has not slipped the attention of composers either. Perhaps most famous is the opera by Jules Massinet (1842-1912) dated back to 1910, but there are numerous other references in music, especially in comic opera.
'Folies d'Espagne' as one of the many synonyms of the Folia-theme, can be translated literally into 'Spanish madness' and although this is often used in a negative sense, it opens up the association with an optimistic character as the Spanish Don Quixote, living in his own world fighting windmills. For instance Francesco Bartelommeo Conti quoted the Folia-theme in his comic opera Don Chisciotte (1719) and a harpsichord LP by Luciano Sgrizzi with the title 'Musique espagnole choisie par Cervantès' contains a Folia as collected by Martín Y Coll. Savall exploits this opportunity in his Don Quixote-project too. In the recitative '"Llego la noche, y ya en casa hubo sarao de damas" he gives Behringer room to improvise on the Folia-theme in the background. For Savall the Folia-theme is an old friend because recently he recorded 'Altre Follie (2005)' and in 1998 he dedicated another project to this theme 'La Folia, 1490-1701'
  1. La Capella Reial de Catalunya, Hespèrion XXI conducted by Jordi Savall: Jesus Fuente (vocals), Michel Behringer (improvisation Folias on the harpsichord) 'Miguel de Cervantes Don Quijote de la Mancha, Romances y Músicas'
    • Title: Recitado: 'Llego la noche, y ya en casa hubo sarao de damas' Jesus Fuente, Michel Behringer (improvisación clavicémbalo: Folias)
    • Released September 2005 by Alia Vox double compact disc-set AVSA 9843 A+B
    • Duration: 1'22"
    • Recording date: March-May 2005 in Colegiata del Castillo de Cardona (Cataluña)
Bellak, Richard (1945- ) cover of Bellak - 12kB
'Prelude ('Folia') and fugue no 6 in a' for piano (1992)

Richard Bellak wrote about this tune:

The sixth prelude is based on the 'later' Folia-theme, though altered in rhythm and meter. As for the choice of la Folia, i believed it would serve very well as the basis for a jazz prelude and it did. Similarly, I employed a theme based on the letters B.A.C.H. for the 12th fugue. I worked on the pieces in this set over a number of years, so the publication and recording date of 1992 means they were composed prior to that date, but I don't have a composition date for each individual prelude and fugue in the set.

  1. Bellak, Richard 'Fugal dreams, twelve jazz preludes and fugues for piano'
    • Published 1992 by RCB Sound Publications P.O. box 1082, Tallahassee, Florida 32302
    • Score 3p (as part of Vol 1. which contains preludes and fugues 1-6), 27,5 cm x 20 cm
    • Publisher No. SC-001a
  2. Bellak, Richard 'Fugal dreams, twelve jazz preludes and fugues for piano'
    • Released 1992 by RCB Sound Publications compact disc CD-001
    • Duration: folia prelude 1'35", in total 3'27"
    • Recording date: 1992 at Mainstreet Music Studios, Tallahassee, Florida USA
    • Both sheet music and cd can be ordered from http://www.vashti.net/Bellak
  3. Chen, Yu Chien (piano) image of the YouTube performance by Yu Chien Chen - 15kB

    A live performance by Yu Chien Chen
    Duration: 1'54" in total 4'10" direct link to YouTube
    © 2009 by Yu Chien Chen and Richard Bellak

    • Published on YouTube by rbellak December 8, 2009
    • Duration: folia prelude 1'54", in total 4'10"
    • Recording date: November 2009

Bellinzani, Paolo Benedetto (1690-c.1757)
'Sonata in d minor for treble recorder and basso continuo, Opus 3 nr. 12: Largo, Allegro, Follia (adagio & variations) for alto recorder and basso continuo (1720)
First edition (1720) in the Civico Museo Bibliografico Musicale di Bologna.

The sheet music
© Public Domain
Source The Petrucci Library

Click to listen to the soundfile, The theme as indicated and the 17 remaining variations (complete)

Duration: 6'55", 45 kB.
The theme as indicated below and the 17 remaining variations (complete)

Theme of 'Follia', part of the Sonata in d minor arrangement David Lasocki
Bellinzani, opening score part 'Follia' - 18kB
  1. Ensemble Musica Antiqua: Mendoze, Christian (conductor) 'Bellinzani-Scarlatti-Purcell-Telemann' cd cover 14 Kb
    Adélaïde de Place wrote for the slipcase:

    The famous theme of La Folia (originally a type of wild Portuguese dance) was used by many composers of the baroque era. It is found as the Adagio movement of the third of Bellinzani's twelve Sonate a flauto solo con cembalo o violoncello, Opus 3, published in Venice in 1720. Preceded by a joyful intermezzo for solo harpsichord, designed 'per respiro de flauto' (i.e. to enable the flautist to get his breath), the theme is exploited in seventeen variations, during which it undergoes all sorts of rhythmic and melodic transformations.

    • Released 1996 by Pierre Verany compact disc PV730074
    • Duration: 8'17"
    • Recording date: 1994/1995 at Studio Pierre Verany, France

  2. Franco, Horatio (flutes) 'Mestizajes Novohispanos'
    cover of cd Horacio Franco 15 Kb With Santiago Alvares harpsichord and Asaf Rolerstein cello:
    • Title: Variaciones sobre la Follia
    • Released 2011 by Quindecim compact disc ASIN B004P9FBI8
    • Duration: 7'32"
    • Recording date: February 2010 at the Centro Académico Cultural Juriquilla, Mexico

  3. I Fiori Musicali: Maria Giovanna Fiorentino (recorder and art director), Paolo Tognon (bassoon), Pietro Bosna (cello), Pietro Prosser (archlute), Roberto Loreggian (harpsichord) 'Paolo Benedetto Bellinzani, 10 sonatas for flute and continuo, Op. 3'
    cd cover 14 Kb
    • Released September 2002 by Tactus compact disc TC.682702
    • Duration: 8'30"
    • Recording date: unknown

  4. Lasocki, David editor
    David Lasocki wrote in the introduction:

    The twelfth, the present piece, has an unusual form. After two movements of what seems to be a sonata, there follows a movement for solo harpsichord headed, literally 'harpsichord solo give the recorder a rest', and finally comes a long set of variations for recorder and basso continuo on La Follia. The desire to end the collection with these variations is presumably a nod in the direction of the composer's hero, Corelli. although the unprecedented (?) tacking on of three such other movements owes nothing to the master

    • Published by Nova © 1979, London
    • Score 20 p. and 2 parts, 30 cm
    • Figured bass realized for harpsichord by John Madden; includes part for violoncello, viola da gamba or bassoon.
  5. Musica Antiqua Toulon: Mendoze, Christian (recorder & conductor) 'Bellinzani, sonates pour flute a bec et basse continue'
    cd cover - 13.1kB Adélaïde de Place wrote as introduction to 'La Follia' in the slipcase:

    The adagio of Sonata no. 12 in D minor takes up the famous theme 'La Follia', which was used by numerous composers in the 17th and 18th centuries (including Frescobaldi, Corelli, François Couperin, Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, to name but a few). It is preceded by a joyful intermezzo for solo harpsichord, written specially by Bellinzani per respiro del flauto, i.e. to allow the flautist to get his breath back ready for the following variations. Already known in the 16th century, the melody from 'La Follia' which was originally a wild Portuguese dance, came to be used in instrumental music as the subject of variations, close to the chaconne or the passacaglia, on a basso ostinato.
    Bellinzani exploits this theme in seventeen variations, which severely test the soloist's technique: theme and variation on the bass (var.1), series of semiquavers on the recorder (var.2), perpetual motion (var.4), imitation in dialogue between the soloist and the bass (var.5), theme to the rhythm of a gigue (var.6 and 7), repeated bounding notes (var.8), an expressive syncopated largo (var.9), series of swift arpeggios passing from the recorder to the bass or progressing in contrary motion (var.10 to 14), use of syncopation (var.15). After a fast gigue (var.16), Bellinzani brings his series of sonatas to an end with a final variation, providing a truly pyrotechnic display of virtuosity.

    • Released 1994 by Pierre Verany compact disc PV794112
    • Duration: Largo 2'14", Allegro 2'07", Follia: adagio and variations 8'17"
    • Recording date: April 22/24, 1994, location of recording not indicated.
  6. Petrenz, Siegfried edited the basso continuo
    • Published by Martin Heidecker © 1991, Wien as part of series: Universal recorder edition
    • Score 20 p. and 2 parts, 31 cm
    • Publisher No. UE 18744 Universal Edition
    • ISMN M-008-00793-4
Bencze, Balázs (1967- )
'The Folia', a three-part, pseudo-baroque experiment for violin, flute and lute or guitar, containing a short fugato-like canon. (2002)
Bencze, Balázs 15kB Balázs Bencze (in daily life a literature teacher, lute- and guitarplayer and leader of 'Tabulature - early music ensemble') wrote as an introduction to his composition:

My composition is a salutation to the wig-headed ancestors, by a modern musician, anno Domini 2002. That is why I have chosen the format midi. To listen to the midi the Soundblaster (SB) Live! is recommended - the piece is optimized and balanced on it. (On this card choose the 'Concert Hall'-environment setting for the really authentic feeling). The software was a 'Midisoft Session', without midi-keyboard, only with manual scoring from bar-to-bar. The instruments are: a violin, a flute and - of course - the lute (or guitar, in the original sound bank).
'The Folia' starts of course with the main-theme, and goes forward by a builded theme-sequence (first a third-scale, and after a normal variation), from the simple to the virtuous one. As lutenist, I fit a soloistic lute variation-part into it, with an inverse section, without lute, which two parts appear also together at the end. At the top of its musical expressions I placed a three-part fugato - not a 'real' fugue, perhaps a more serious canon with the diminued scores of the main theme - at the 'exposition' it ends with a 'coda' - and it finishes with a choral-style, and a 'pseudo poliphonic', rather virtuous 'running', before the last some bars, including a melodic coda-variation.

Click to listen to the soundfile, theme and all variations as sequenced by Balázs Bencze

Duration: 5'58", 28 kB.
Theme and all variations as sequenced by Balázs Bencze
© 2002 by B. Bencze, used with permission

  1. Bencze, Balázs
    • Recorded with the Soundblaster Live soundcard with Midisoft Session for sequencing
    • Not yet published
    • Duration: 5'58"
    • Recording date: 2002 in Budapest

Benvenuti, Arrigo(1925-1992)
Folía, diferencias sobre cinco estudios per due violini, viola, violoncello e pianoforte .
  1. Benvenuti, Arrigo
Beretta, Daniele (1985- ) cover music Berlioz - 08kB
"Tarda" Follia e variazioni ("Later" Folia and Variations) for piano solo
Click to listen to the soundfile, theme and all variations as sequenced by Daniele Beretta

Duration: 6'07", 14 kB.
Theme and all variations as sequenced by Daniele Beretta
© 2011 by D. Beretta, used with permission

6 pages in pdf, 67 kB
© 2011 by D. Beretta, used with permission

Daniele Beretta wrote about the piece in an e-mail March 2011:

The idea of composing some variations of the Folía came from listening for the first time to the famous variations of J.B.Lully. The theme was simple and catcthing too so I searched at the internet and found this site (www.folias.nl). I began listening to some samples and other variations by various composers that definitely inspired my work. Every variation I made is based on a peculiar element (time changes,  chromatism..), a sort of etude but there isn't a guideline: I simply wrote the variations as they came in my mind.

  1. Beretta, Daniele
    • Title: "Tarda" Follia e variazioni
    • Published by Daniele Beretta in 2011
    • 6 pages 21 x 29 cm
    • Duration 6'07"
    • Recording date: March 2011. Italy as a midi file

the composer Daniele Beretta - 15kB
Variazioni sul tema della "Nuova Follia" for harpsichord solo
Click to listen to the soundfile, theme and all variations as sequenced by Daniele Beretta

Duration: 1'38", 6 kB.
Theme and all variations as sequenced by Daniele Beretta
© 2011 by D. Beretta, used with permission

2 pages in pdf, 67 kB
© 2011 by D. Beretta, used with permission

Daniele Beretta wrote about the piece in an e-mail March 2011:

The origin of this variations (as well as the theme) is curious, because they are inspired by the piece "Partita Sopra folia" by G.Frescobaldi, and I also believe they can be used as an introduction. My real intention was to play the song (I didn't have the score), but in the track I listened to the harpsichord, it wasn't tuned  using equal temperament so I was misled. I failed to reproduce the song  nevertheless I created a new piece.

  1. Beretta, Daniele
    • Title: Variazioni sul tema della "Nuova Follia"
    • Published by Daniele Beretta in 2011
    • 2 pages 21 x 29 cm
    • Duration 1'38"
    • Recording date: March 2011, Italy as a midi file

Berlioz, Hector (1803-1869) cover music Berlioz - 08kB
La Folia (c. 1820)
  1. Amoric, Michel edited the sheet music
    Hector Berlioz studied guitar with a man named Dorant from 1819-1821 in the town La Côte Saint André (Amoric, 1985). A manuscript containing 36 pieces of guitar music by Berlioz was found there and includes 'La Folia' the theme and 12 variations. This music has been recently published (Amoric, Michel, ed. 1985. Hector Berlioz 36 Pièces Originales pour Guitare. Editions Musicales Transatlantiques, Paris). The Folia theme is stated very simply. The twelve variations to follow are pretty much divorced from melody and are in essence a series of simple arpeggio studies (ranging from 8th note triplets to 32nd notes) that appear to me to have been devised by Berlioz simply as exercises for his right hand.
    • Published 1985 by Amoric Editions Musicales Transatlantiques
    • Score 6 p. size 22,5 x 30,5 cm

Berthier, Jacques (1923-1994) cover cd Taizé in German language - 15kB cover cd Taizé in French language - 15kB
Laudate Dominum (c.1980)

The Taizé community performance
Duration: 4'51" direct link to YouTube
© 2011 by Taizé

The Folia is not only a vehicle for composers to show their abilities, a willing object for filmscores or a melody to inspire writers (de la Fontaine), but in this case also a tool to share a religious vision.
Taizé is an Ecumenical, international community founded in 1940, in Taizé, in the middle of France.
The tune was used in several religious tunes by Berthier as can be found at the page http://qmmc.free.fr (with acoustical examples in mp3-format).
Berthiers most famous tune is Laudate Dominum but the Folia progression and melody is also used in his "Qui mange ma chair et boit mon sang" (i.e. He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, dwelleth in me, and I in him).
Presses de Taizé wrote in May 2004 about this tune:

The song "Laudate Dominum" sets words from Psalm 117 to the Folia theme; it was composed in about 1980 by Jacques Berthier (1923-1994) for the Taizé community, and it has become one of the best-known of the songs of Taizé. The song is published by the Ateliers and Presses de Taizé in numerous songbooks, which include solo verses in different languages and instrumental accompaniments.

It appears in the following recordings, all made at Taizé in France, in versions that include solo verses in different languages. In each case, the performers are young people visiting Taizé to take part in the intercontinental meetings at Taizé: T 554 Jubilate (1991), T 559 Liederen uit Taizé (1997), T 560 Chants de la prière à Taizé (1998), T 561 Canti della preghiera a Taizé (1998), T 562 Joy on earth (1999), T 563 Auf dich Vertrau'ich (2000)

  1. Young people visiting Taizé
    • The sheet music and several voices in midi of the music at http://www.taize.fr/music/laudom.htm
    • Released 1991-2000 in several languages, distributed in Europe by Naïve, France, and their partners. Details are on the Taizé website on the pages according to each language.
    • Recording location: Taizé, France
Bertone, Aldo (1952- )
Variazioni sul tema de la folía (1978)
  1. Solisti dell'Orchestra da Camera del Cantiere
    • Charged by Hans Werner Henze for the 3rd Cantiere Internationale d'Arte.
    • Premiere August 3 1978 in Teatro Poliziano in Montepulciano (Italia)
Besset, Serge(? - )
D'apres La Follia de Corelli cover drawing for cartoon 15kB
The music is based upon the Corelli-variations for wind instruments. However the music serves the animation completely in movement and timing. Moods are changing in almost every variation from hope to dispair. An obsession in the literal meaning of the word 'Follia' with lots of humor for instance when the monk gets a bucket on his head the sound of a churchbell rings. A piece of high multimedia art with limited sources.

Animation 'The monk and the fish'
Duration: 6'22" direct link to YouTube
© 1994 by Folimage

  1. Serge Besset, Nora Cismondi, Maeva Bouachring, Frank Leeuwenberg, Henri Paul Beaujard
    • Title: d'Apres 'La Follia de Corelli'
    • Released 1994 by Folimage, France for the moving picture 'the Monk and the Fish' by Michael Dudok de Wit
    • Duration: 6'22"
    • Recording date: 1994 Valence, France

Béthune le Cadet, Michel (Béthune, Christian de?)(1608- ?)
Folies d'Espagne (c.1681) originally written for the angelique
Manuscript the Bibliotheque Nationale in Paris. (Paris BN) Original possesion dated back to 1690 of Maguerite Monin, a student of Béthune. Click to listen to the soundfile, theme of Bethune's Folies 

Duration: 0'31", 02 kB.
theme of Bethune's Folies d'Espagne.
© Mathias Rösel 2003, used with permission

  1. Quadt, Adalbert edited the music for guitar 'Gitarrenmusik des 16.-18. Jahrhunderts, nach Tabulaturen, vol. 2' with regard to practicability on the guitar
    • Published 1982 by unknown, Kassel, Germany
Bevilacqua, Matteo (1772-1849)
'Variations pour deux guitarres sur les folies d'Espagne' opus 48 (c.1807): theme and 6 variations with coda.
First edition (c.1807) in the Fondo Noseda at the Conservatory of Milan.

Andrew Stroud and Adam Larison (guitars) play thew entire composition
Duration: 3'50" direct link to YouTube
© 2010 by Duo 220 (Andrew Stroud and Adam Larison

Theme of Variations pour deux guitar Used with permission ('Just Guitar')
Bevilacqua, opening score - 17kB
  1. Bazzotti, Marco edited the music
    • Published by Just Guitar 1997
    • Available from M. Bazzotti webside 'Just (classical) Guitar' http://www.planet.it/jcg/reader/ndx2.htm
      At this page of Just Guitar you can also view the sheetmusic: theme and variations 1 till 6 minus the coda.
Bezverkhny, Michael (1947- )
Fantasia on a theme by A. Corelli 'La Folia' for string quartet (1992)
portrait of Michael Bezverkhny 15kB Sometimes it is said that for modern Folias it would be only an 'exercise' when the theme can be heard throughout the music. But that does not count for this extraordinary Folia-variations. The contrasts in moods and influences is incredible. There are frightening eastern (Russian or Hungarian) invasions next to cosy string ensemble moods to give a humorous twist to the piece which is overall dark and sinister. And as Folia variations are usually considered to be a loose chain of variations not interconnected with each other, we can hear the difference in this composition. The tension increases towards the end and relaxation finds its way in the coda which can be considered as mourning after the musical style figures filled with agitated emotions. Click to listen to the soundfile, the complete Fantasia

Duration: 16'44", 15.5 Mb. (128kB/s, 44100Hz)
The complete Fantasia in a live performance by string quartet
© 2007 Michael Bezverkhny, used with permission

  1. String quartet: Michael Bezverkhni (1st violin), Jurgen Devinck (2nd violin), Renato Kamhi (viola) Aan Van Hecke (cello)
    • Title: Fantasia on a theme by A. Corelli 'La Folia' for string quartet
    • Not officially recorded yet
    • Performed March 21, 2007 in De Verenigde Cultuurfabrieken, Gent, Belgium
    • Duration: 16'44"
Bilstin, Yuri (Joury) (? - ?)
Variations Diaboliques sur un thème du XVIe Siecle for cello and piano, à Monsieur Vaë de Constantinovich (c.1910)

the opening of the theme - 66Kb
  1. Bilstin, Yuri (Joury)
    Joseba Berrocal wrote about the music:

    This Follia for cello is not very known by the instrumentalists. You can access to it at IMSLP -submitted by the user "Generoso" the 5 IV 2010- or on the originally scanned source, the Music Library at the University of South Carolina. As a secondary fact, this work is one of the most difficult study-pieces ever written for the instrument up to its date of composition. Unfortunately, the quality of the scanner is not very good.

Blidström, Gustav (? - ?)
Foli D'Espagne (1715)
The manuscript is part of the collection Menuetter och Polska Dantzar written down by the oboeist Blidström. He had a massive output of 300 pieces, written down during captivity in Tobolsk 1715-1716.
  1. Ensemble Laude Novella and Ensemble Insula Magica (Ute Goedecke: soprano, recorder, barock violin, gothic harp, Per Mattsson: barock violin, lira and vocals, Elena Kondratova: soprano, Alla Vorontsova: alt, recorder, percussion Alexander Pariman: tenor cover of Ensemble Laude Novelle cd 15Kb Vitaly Polonsky: bass, Sergey Tenitilov: bass, Ekaterina Kouzminykh: viola da gamba, Anna Nedospassova: harpsichord percussion, Arkadi Bourkhanov: archlute, barock guitar, viola da gamba, recorder, percussion 'Ekon fran Poltava (Musik i krig och fred)'

    Ensemble Laude Novella and Ensemble Insula Magica
    Duration: 4'56" direct link to YouTube
    © 2003 by Ensemble Laude Novella and Ensemble Insula Magica

  2. Macklin, Kersti (nyckelharpa) and the Midgardensemblen (recorder, baroque violin, viola and cello, bass guitar) 'L'agreable'
    cover of L'Agreable cd - 32Kb Paul Geffen wrote about the compact disc L'agreable:

    All the music on this recording is from the Baroque period. Some of it is by more-or-less well-known composers, the rest is from collections of unattributed music recorded on paper during the same period. It is not surprising that "La Folia" - the greatest hit of the eighteenth century - makes more than one appearance. You are probably wondering about the nyckelharpa. This is a Swedish instrument similar to a viola but played with keys along the broad neck. In addition to three or four bowed strings, the instrument has up to thirteen metal sympathetic strings, like a sitar. It is played on the lap. The nyckelharpa has a sharp, tangy, insistent sound which blends well with the baroque instruments. There is also a certain amount of clicking from the keyboard, especially in the faster passages, which in no way detracts from the charm of the instrument.
    Macklin and the backup band keep lively time and exhibit a good understanding of Baroque ornamentation. This may be a unique opportunity to hear music of the Baroque court played on this peasant instrument, as there is apparently no evidence that the nyckelharpa was used in this setting.
    The Swedish folk music in this recording includes a set of variations on Foli d'Espagne, taken from the collection made by Gustav Blidström in 1715. This collection documents the music current among the Swedish peasantry at the time. There is no great difference between this folk music and its contemporary through-composed music, as the Allegro of Mascitti's Sonata begins with the same melodic line as La Folia.

    • Source for this recording: Published by Samuel Landtmanson in Svenska landsmal in 1912
    • Released 1996 by Tongang compact disc AWCD-10, distribution by CDA, Box 4225, 102 65 Stockholm
    • Duration: 5'27"
    • Recording date: April/June, 1996 in Falun Sweden
Boccherini, Luigi (1743-1805)
Menuet from quintet Opus 40, number 1 in A (two violins, viola, two celli), Gerard 340 (c. 1785).
Click to listen to the soundfile, the complete Minueto-Bolero

Duration: 4'19", 10 kB.
The complete Minueto-Bolero as arranged by José de Azpiazu
without the repeats.

Fred Hauptman wrote me about this piece:

The Folia appears as a trio to the Minuet (second movement) and is very extensive, alluding to Corelli but with highly elaborate pre-Romantic textures. Since he lived in Spain and had a dance background (his brother was a famous dancer-choreographer), this is easily the most effective late 18th century folia setting, and in a sense the last of the main line, since later treatments are usually 'historical' in style or used as local color. Unfortunately, neither the music itself or recordings are easy to find. The Quintetto Boccherini recorded it in the 50's or 60's, but it has not made it to CD. There is no modern edition of the music, but a facsimile is available from the King's Music in the UK.

cover of sheet music Minueto-Bolero - 15 Kb
  1. Azpiazu, José de (editor of the transcription for guitar)
    • Title: Minueto-Bolero de 'La Folía de España', no. 35, libro II
    • Published by Union Musical Española Madrid, 1966
    • Score 5 pages with finger settings 29cm x 21 cm
    • Publisher No. 21034
    • Duration: c. 4'10"

Bochsa, Robert Nicolas Charles (1789-1856)
Fantaisie sur les Folies d'Espagne, for harp Drwaing of the composer Bochsa
Appointed harpist to Napoleon in 1813, he gave lessons to the Empress Josephine and later to Marie Louise, with the result that harp-playing became a craze among Parisian ladies. Marital alliance with the nobility enabled him to retain his position on the restoration of the Bourbons, and he was appointed harpist to both Louis XVIII and the duc de Berri.
Detected in forgeries in 1817, he fled to England. In his absence he was convicted and sentenced to a fine of 4000 francs and twelve years imprisonment. In London he was fêted as a celebrity and flooded with requests for harp lessons, his pupils including the Duchess of Wellington and the daughters of the Duke of Clarence.
  1. No published music of the Fantaisie sur les Folies d\ Espagne for harp found.
    • Published in Pazdírek, Franz, The Universal Handbook of Musical Literature, III, Wien, 1904-1910, p. 817
    • Thanks to François-Emmanuel de Wasseige for detecting this item in literature

Bondeman, Anders (1937- ) cover of cd Bondeman - 15 Kb
Improvisation over La Folia (for organ)
  1. Bondeman, Anders (organ)
    • Title: Improvisation over La Folia
    • Released 2010 by Nosag 2x cd-set ordernumber 2098
    • Duration: 17'18"
    • Recording date:unknown in S;t Jacob's Church in Stockholm, Sweden

Bouin, Jean-François (1673-1767) - ?)
'Les folies d'Espagne avec 18 variations pour un violon, une flute, un haubois, un pardessus de violle, une veille ou une musette (flute a bec soprano ou tenor) accompagnement de clavecin ou de guitare' (1739)
  1. Sanvoisin, Michel edited the music
    • Published by G. Billaudot © 1984
    • Score 2 parts, 31 cm
    • Publisher No. G.3756(1) B
    • Duration: c. 16'00"
    • Title on cover: 'Supein Bukyoku'
Brahms, Johannes (1833-1897)
See chapter similar music
Bravo-Tejeda, Jose (1982- )
La Folía in D Minor (2004, revised in 2023) opening of sheet music Bravo-Tejeda- 15 Kb

La Folía in D minor
Duration: 12'45" direct link to YouTube
© 2003 and 2023 by Jose Bravo-Tejeda

  1. Jose Bravo-Tejeda

    Jose wrote about his composition in an e-mail April 26, 2004:

    My name is Jose Bravo, a violinist by nature, a composer by necessity. I heard of Vivaldi's version of La Folia (Opus 1, No 12) and just fell in love with it. Ever since, the theme has enchanted me with it's simplistic, yet incredibly rigourous variations. Several years, I began on my Folia and for a hiatus of about 2 years, I never completed it. Certain inspiration pushed me to reinvigorate my desire to finish this piece and just finished writing it recently. As you can suspect, Vivaldi's version of La Folia has influenced me greatly when writing this piece. I wish (if possible) for this piece to be added to the "La Folia" site for the benefit of others.

    • Equipment Used: Noteworthy Composer
    • See for the sheet music the YouTube film or contact the owner of the channel.
    • Duration: 12'45"
Bremner, Robert(c. 1720-1789)
Joy to great Caesar (1765)
Theme and 10 variations as part of a learning book for students.

4 pages in pdf, 743 kB
© Wikipedia 2009, used with permission

  1. Bremner, Robert (publisher)
    • Title: 'The Harpsichord or Spinnet Miscellany', being a Gradation of Proper Lessons from the Beginner to the tollerable Performer. Chiefly intended to save Masters the trouble of writing for their Pupils. For which are prefixed some Rules for Time.
    • Published by Robert Bremner, Londen 'printed and sold at his music shop at the Harp and Hautboy opposite Sommerset house, in the Strand where may behad Pasquali's 'Art of fingering the Harpsichord'
    • scanned from facsimile reprint of copy belonging to Colonial Williamsburg, published Williamsburg, Va: Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, 'copyright' 1972, second printing 1975. Modern preliminaries and preface by J.S. Darling
    • Size 29 x 21 cm
    • Score 26 pages in total, Joy to great Ceasar 4 pages
  2. Jacobi, Jörg (editor and publisher)
    Jörg Jacobi wrote as an introduction for the sheet music:

    Der Verleger Bremner veröffentichte eine ganze Reihe von Bänden mit Claviermusik über populäre Themen. Ob er auch selbst der Urheber der Variationenist, bleibt unklar. Jedem Variationszyklus ist ein kurzes Prelude vorangestellt, das aber nie mehr als eine einfache Kadenzformel ist.

    • Title: Joy to great Caesar in: Autori Diversi (17.Jahrhundert): Il Mondo èdei folli, 12 Versionen der Follia aus dem europäischen Barock, page 62-67
      Jörg Jacobi collected and edited 12 versions of Folías mostly from anonymous manuscripts
    • Published by edition baroque, Bremen, eba4061, ISMN 979-0-700391-00-3
    • Year of publication: April 2018
    • Including an introduction about the theme and the specific pieces

  3. Lindorff, Joyce 'Joyce Lindorff plays music from the harpsichord miscellany'
    Cover of compact disc Joyce Lindorff plays music from the harpsichord miscellany - 15 Kb Joyce Lindorff wrote for the slipcase:

    The folia ("Farinelli's Ground") was set to satirical anti-Whig lyrics as "Joy to Great Caesar" by Tom D'Urfey, court jester to Charles II.

    • Title: Joy to Great Caesar
    • Released 2013 by BCM+D Records order number 8 88174 03660 1
    • Duration: 5'34"
    • Recording date: January 18-20 2013 at Colonial Williamsburg
    • Instrument: Colonial Williamsburg's 1758 double-manual harpsichord by Jacob Kirckman.

Brown, Elizabeth C.D.(? - )
trio playing Folia y Milonga to the left Elizabeth C.D. Brown - 15 Kb
Folia y Milonga (2011)
Definitely the remix of the Folía by Gaspar Sanz and Bryan Johanson for three guitars
Elizabeth Brown wrote about her Folia y Milonga:

Composed for the 2011 PLU Guitar Festival Orchestra

  1. Elizabeth CD Brown, Greg Burgess and Gary Burgess
    • Title: Folia y Milonga
    • Composed for the PLU Guitar Festival, uploaded to YouTube 8 February 2011
    • Duration: 5'42"
    • Link to YouTube: http://youtu.be/mq17fdkBKBg

Bruun, Peter(1968- )
cover of cd Refolia - 15 Kb
Refolia - rhythmical and tonal variations on La Folia (2008)
Peter Bruun wrote about his Refolia:

Initially it may seem hard to understand what it is about that tiny tune, La Folia, that has caught the attention of so many musicians through the history of music. But perhaps it is just the fact, that it is merely a template. It is like a mould that you can fill with almost anything. I made the simple cadenza-like chord structure in La Folia even more simple in my variations. Instead the variations unfold in rhytmical, metric and melodic ornamentations.

  1. Borbye, Anders 'Refolia, contemporary works for guitar'
    Click to listen to the soundfile, fragment of Refolia

    Duration: 1'00", 941 kB. (128kB/s, 44100Hz)
    Fragment of Refolia, performance by Anders Borbye
    © 2008 Anders Borbye, used with permission

Budzynski, Bartlomiej (1962- )
'La Folia' for guitar solo (1997), theme and 13 variations

Bartlomiej Budzynski wrote about his composition in August 2002:

The first public performance by polish guitarist Marek Walawender had place in Warszawa (Warsaw) in December 1997. We've tried to record it in Autmn 1998, but the recording has never been published or used in the other way.
Why I used the 'la Folia'-theme in a composition is not that difficult to understand. I often use some musical themes from the past in my compositions. I try to combine the 'classical' ideas with the modern musical language. Look at the list of my compositions http://www.budzynski.waw.pl (a Polish and English version) - you will find there also such pieces as 'Passacaglia', 'Sonata', 'Concerto', 'Partita concertante' etc.

  1. Budzynski, Bartlomiej
    • Published 1998 by Edition Modran
    • Publisher No. Edition Modran EM 016
    • Score 12 pages, size 22,5 x 30,5 cm
    • Duration: c. 7'50"
Busoni, Ferruccio (1866-1924)
'Spanish Rhapsody' (1894)
Busoni arranged the Spanish Rapsody by Franz Liszt as a concert piece for piano and orchestra.
  1. Bachauer, Gina (piano) & New London Orchestra conductor Alec Sherman 'The first HMV recordings 1949-1951' cover of Bachauer and New London Orchestra 15Kb
    In the slipcase Bryan Crimp has written (2004):

    Three sessions in May 1951 found Bachauer, Sherman and the orchestra he founded in 1941 assembled for the recording of two contrasting works, both pivotal to Gina Bachauer’s repertoire- Mozart’s ‘Coronation’ Concerto and Busoni’s transcription of Liszt’s Rapsodie espagnole. (If the New London Orchestra was predominantly a chamber ensemble, augmented it cut more than persuasive dash in Busoni’s multicoulored orchetstration of Liszt).

    • Title: Rapsodie Espagnol
    • Released 2005 by Appian Publications & Recordings compact disc mono recording APR 5643 transferred from shellac discs
    • Duration: 13'25" (both the Folies d'Espagne and Jota aragonesa)
    • Recording date: May 29 and 30, 1951 in Studio 1, Abbey Road - Steinway 141

  2. Blumental, Felicja (piano) & Prague Symphony Orchestra, Vienna Wind Ensemble, conductor Helmut Froschauer 'Dinu Lipati, concerti in classical style, Rumanian dances, Liszt-Busoni, rhapsodie Espagnole' cover of Blumental and Prague Symphony Orchestra cd - 15Kb
    • Released by Dureco 1994 compact disc Ars Classicum 1159312
    • Duration: 16'09" (both the Folies d'Espagne and Jota aragonesa)
    • Recording date: not mentioned (Felicja died in 1991)

  3. Blumental, Felicja (piano) & Prague Symphony Orchestra conductor Helmut Froschauer 'Grieg: Piano Concerto in A minor, Faura: Fantasie, Liszt/Busoni: Rhapsodie espagnole' cover of Blumental and Prague Symphony Orchestra cd - 15Kb
    • Title: Rhapsodie espagnole, S254/R90, Folies d'Espagne et jota aragonesa
    • Released by Brana Records compact disc BR0015
    • Duration: I. Folies d'Espagne 5'55", II. Juta aragonesa 2'37", III. (Un poco meno allegro) 7'39"
    • Recording date: not mentioned (Felicja died in 1991)

  4. Busoni, Ferruccio. This arrangement for two pianos
    • Published by G. Schirmer © 1894, in series Schirmer's library of musical classics 1252
    • 2 Scores 51 p. each, 31 cm
    • Publisher No. 1252
  5. Marsh, Ozan (piano) & London Philharmonic Orchestra/Paul Freeman
    This version was first performed in 1904 with Bela Bartok as soloist, and later recorded on 78's by Egon Petri with another Busoni student, Dmitri Mitropoulos, conducting
    • Released 1988 by Turnabout compact disc PVT 7191
    • Duration: 15'37" (both the Folies d'Espagne and Jota aragonesa)
    • Recording date: 5 - 6 August 1985 at All Saints Church, Tooting, London
  6. Nicolosi, Francesco (piano) & Iceland Symphony Orchestra/Ricco Saccani
    • Broadcasted from a live concert by NPS Netherlands in the program Euro Notturno
    • Broadcasted September 10, 2001
    • Duration: 15'18" (both the Folies d'Espagne and Jota aragonesa)
    • Recording date: November 30, 2000 in Reykjavik, Iceland
  7. Petri, Egon (piano) & The Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra/Dimitri Mitropoulos cover of 78 RPM Petri - 15Kb
    • Title: Folies d'Espagne and Jota Aragonesa
    • Released c 1940's by Columbia Master Works 78RPM 2 disks X-163
    • Duration: unknown
    • Recording date: unknown

Composers letter: Anonymous, A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, Y, Z

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